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Titolo:
ADHD in Swedish 3-to 7-year-old children
Autore:
Kadesjo, C; Kadesjo, B; Hagglof, B; Gillberg, C;
Indirizzi:
Univ Gothenburg, Dept Child & Adolescent Psychiat, SE-41119 Gothenburg, Sweden Univ Gothenburg Gothenburg Sweden SE-41119 , SE-41119 Gothenburg, Sweden Umea Univ, S-90187 Umea, Sweden Umea Univ Umea Sweden S-90187Umea Univ, S-90187 Umea, Sweden
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF CHILD AND ADOLESCENT PSYCHIATRY
fascicolo: 9, volume: 40, anno: 2001,
pagine: 1021 - 1028
SICI:
0890-8567(200109)40:9<1021:AIS37C>2.0.ZU;2-#
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
PSYCHIATRIC DIAGNOSES; ATTENTIONAL DEFICITS; VALIDITY; IV; CONVERGENCE; CRITERION; DISORDER;
Keywords:
attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder; behavioral problems; preschool children;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
33
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Gillberg, C Univ Gothenburg, Dept Child & Adolescent Psychiat, Kungsgatan 12, SE-41119Gothenburg, Sweden Univ Gothenburg Kungsgatan 12 Gothenburg Sweden SE-41119 eden
Citazione:
C. Kadesjo et al., "ADHD in Swedish 3-to 7-year-old children", J AM A CHIL, 40(9), 2001, pp. 1021-1028

Abstract

Objective: To study characteristics of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in a representative group of clinically impaired young children in Sweden with the disorder. Method: One hundred thirty-one children withADHD (aged 3-7 years) were examined, and their parents were interviewed. Independent parent questionnaire data (Child Behavior Checklist, ADHD RatingScale-IV, Conners) were collected. For comparison 131 children without ADHD were matched for age, gender, parents' marital status, child's adoption status, and social class. Results: Children with ADHD had extremely high ADHD symptom levels-on average four to eight times higher than the comparison group. Sociodemographic correlates of ADHD symptoms were more pronounced inparent questionnaire data than in parent interview data, underscoring the importance of diagnostic interview when dealing with clinical issues. Very few of the children with ADHD (6%) appeared "normal" with regard to attention/activity level at clinical examination. Conclusions: Clinic children with a diagnosis of DSM-IV ADHD have typical and impairing symptoms already before starting school. The variance of ADHD in this age group appears to be accounted for by primary psychosocial factors only to a limited degree. It would seem reasonable to establish supportive and treatment measures for these young children so that the psychosocial and academic problems shown by so many individuals with ADHD later in their development might be reduced.

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Documento generato il 20/09/20 alle ore 07:35:47