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Titolo:
The forensic entomologist in the context of the forensic pathologist's role
Autore:
Campobasso, CP; Introna, F;
Indirizzi:
Univ Bari, Policlin Bari, Sect Legal Med DIMIMP, I-70100 Bari, Italy Univ Bari Bari Italy I-70100 Sect Legal Med DIMIMP, I-70100 Bari, Italy
Titolo Testata:
FORENSIC SCIENCE INTERNATIONAL
fascicolo: 1-2, volume: 120, anno: 2001,
pagine: 132 - 139
SICI:
0379-0738(20010815)120:1-2<132:TFEITC>2.0.ZU;2-X
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
CALLIPHORA-VICINA LARVAE; BOETTCHERISCA-PEREGRINA DIPTERA; ARTHROPOD SUCCESSION PATTERNS; HUMAN CRAB LOUSE; POSTMORTEM INTERVAL; SUBMERSION INTERVAL; HAWAIIAN-ISLANDS; INSECT ACTIVITY; HUMAN REMAINS; DECAY-RATES;
Keywords:
forensic entomology; forensic entomologist; forensic pathologist;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
67
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Campobasso, CP Univ Bari, Policlin Bari, Sect Legal Med DIMIMP, Piazza Giulio Cesare, I-70100 Bari, Italy Univ Bari Piazza Giulio Cesare Bari Italy I-70100 i, Italy
Citazione:
C.P. Campobasso e F. Introna, "The forensic entomologist in the context of the forensic pathologist's role", FOREN SCI I, 120(1-2), 2001, pp. 132-139

Abstract

An adequate death investigation requires the combined efforts and cooperation of experts in different disciplines: crime scene technicians, death investigators, forensic pathologists, anthropologists, entomologists, other medical and non-medical professionals. These front-line experts play a crucial role in every death investigation process. The forensic pathologist normally has the legal authority to take charge of the dead body at a death scene and his primary functions are the exterior and interior examination of the cadaver by analyzing the extent of antemortem injuries and the postmortemchanges and the recovery of physical evidence. He is responsible for determining how, when and why of any death which is the result of violence, suspicious or unexplained circumstances or a death which is sudden or unattended, defending and explaining the reasons for making these diagnoses in a courtroom. The forensic entomologist can provide invaluable aid in death caseswhere human remains are colonized by insects and in the overall investigation. His principal role is to identify the arthropods associated with such cases and to analyze entomological data for interpreting insect evidence. He is responsible for determining the period of insect activity according toall the variables affecting insect invasion of remains and their development. The major goal of medico-criminal entomology is to contribute to the determination of the time, cause, manner and place of the investigated death (especially on badly decomposed corpses or skeletonized human remains) withthe support of all the elements which can be inferred from the study of insects found on the cadaver or nearby. The application of techniques devisedrecently in forensic entomology can allow experts in the field to collect strong entomological evidence and provide useful information not only in a death investigation including movement or storage of the remains following death, time of dismemberment, postmortem artifacts on the body but also at the scene, and even more in child neglect, sexual molestation and identification of suspects. As the role of the forensic entomologist at the death scene, at the autopsy and in the laboratory is defined and well known, this paper focuses on the difficulties that could arise if forensic pathologists and entomologists are uncertain about the procedures that they have to follow, do not realize the value of objective findings or fail to evaluate them. Although every forensic case presents a slightly different set of circumstances and has to be tackled individually, the forensic pathologist should work with the forensic entomologist from the visual observations of the cadaver on the scene, through the collection of arthropods and temperature data at the death scene and at the autopsy, up to the final report with the interpretation of entomological and other biological evidence. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 29/03/20 alle ore 09:09:37