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Titolo:
Waist and hip circumferences have independent and opposite effects on cardiovascular disease risk factors: the Quebec Family Study
Autore:
Seidell, JC; Perusse, L; Despres, JP; Bouchard, C;
Indirizzi:
Natl Inst Publ Hlth & Environm, Dept Chron Dis Epidemiol, NL-3720 BA Bilthoven, Netherlands Natl Inst Publ Hlth & Environm Bilthoven Netherlands NL-3720 BA herlands Free Univ Amsterdam, Inst Res Extramural Med, Amsterdam, Netherlands Free Univ Amsterdam Amsterdam Netherlands l Med, Amsterdam, Netherlands Univ Laval, Dept Prevent Med, Div Kinesiol, St Foy, PQ G1K 7P4, Canada Univ Laval St Foy PQ Canada G1K 7P4 Kinesiol, St Foy, PQ G1K 7P4, Canada Univ Laval, Med Res Ctr, Lipid Res Ctr, St Foy, PQ G1K 7P4, Canada Univ Laval St Foy PQ Canada G1K 7P4 d Res Ctr, St Foy, PQ G1K 7P4, Canada Louisiana State Univ, Pennington Biomed Res Ctr, Baton Rouge, LA 70808 USALouisiana State Univ Baton Rouge LA USA 70808 , Baton Rouge, LA 70808 USA
Titolo Testata:
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION
fascicolo: 3, volume: 74, anno: 2001,
pagine: 315 - 321
SICI:
0002-9165(200109)74:3<315:WAHCHI>2.0.ZU;2-A
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
BODY-FAT DISTRIBUTION; COMPUTED-TOMOGRAPHY; ADIPOSE-TISSUE; VISCERAL FAT; CORTISOL SECRETION; ABDOMINAL OBESITY; PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY; MEN; WOMEN; INSULIN;
Keywords:
waist circumference; hip circumference; waist-to-hip ratio; body mass index; cardiovascular disease risk factors; fat distribution; cholesterol; insulin; blood pressure; Quebec Family Study;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
31
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Seidell, JC Natl Inst Publ Hlth & Environm, Dept Chron Dis Epidemiol, RIVM-C2E,Antonievan Leeuwenhoeklaan 9,POB 1, NL-3720 BA Bilthoven, Netherlands Natl Inst Publ Hlth & Environm RIVM-C2E,Antonie van Leeuwenhoeklaan 9,POB 1Bilthoven Netherlands NL-3720 BA
Citazione:
J.C. Seidell et al., "Waist and hip circumferences have independent and opposite effects on cardiovascular disease risk factors: the Quebec Family Study", AM J CLIN N, 74(3), 2001, pp. 315-321

Abstract

Background: A high waist-to-hip ratio is associated with unfavorable cardiovascular disease risk factors. This could be due to either a relatively large waist or a small hip girth. Objective: We sought to define the separate contributions of waist girth, hip girth, and body mass index (Bluff) to measures of bod composition, fat distribution, and cardiovascular disease risk factors. Design: Three-hundred thirteen men and 382 women living in the greater Quebec City area were involved in this cross-sectional study. Percentage body fat, anthropometric measurements, and abdominal fat distribution were obtained and BMI (in kg/m(2)) and waist-to-hip ratio were calculated. Serum blood lipids were determined from blood samples collected after subjects had fasted overnightResults: A large waist circumference in men and women (adjusted for age, BMI, and hip circumference) was associated significantly with low HDL-cholesterol concentrations (P<0.05) and high fasting triacylglycerol, insulin, and glucose concentrations (P<0.01). In women alone, a large waist circumference was also associated with high LDL-cholesterol concentrations and blood pressure. A narrow hip circumference (adjusted for age, BMI, and waist circumference) was associated with low HDL-cholesterol and high glucose concentrations in men (P<0.05) and high triacylglycerol and insulin concentrationsin men and women (P<0.05). Waist and hip girths showed different relationsto body fat, fat-free mass, and visceral fat accumulation. Conclusions: Waist and hip circumferences measure different aspects of body composition and fat distribution and have independent and often opposite effects on cardiovascular disease risk factors. A narrow waist and large hips may both protect against cardiovascular disease. These specific effects of each girth measure are poorly captured in the waist-to-hip ratio.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 03/07/20 alle ore 16:13:37