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Titolo:
Medium-voltage 5-9-Hz oscillations give rise to spike-and-wave discharges in a genetic model of absence epilepsy: In vivo dual extracellular recording of thalamic relay and reticular neurons
Autore:
Pinault, D; Vergnes, M; Marescaux, C;
Indirizzi:
Fac Med Strasbourg, INSERM, U398, F-67085 Strasbourg, France Fac Med Strasbourg Strasbourg France F-67085 F-67085 Strasbourg, France
Titolo Testata:
NEUROSCIENCE
fascicolo: 1, volume: 105, anno: 2001,
pagine: 181 - 201
SICI:
0306-4522(2001)105:1<181:M5OGRT>2.0.ZU;2-R
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
GENERALIZED PENICILLIN EPILEPSY; SLEEP-WAKE STATES; RAT MODEL; CELLULAR MECHANISMS; ADULT-RAT; IN-VITRO; NUCLEUS; PATTERNS; TRANSITION; SPINDLES;
Keywords:
dorsal thalamus; Genetic Absence Epilepsy Rats from Strasbourg; juxtacellular labelling; neuroleptanalgesia; reticular thalamic nucleus; sleep spindle;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
51
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Pinault, D Fac Med Strasbourg, INSERM, U398, 11 Rue Humann, F-67085 Strasbourg, France Fac Med Strasbourg 11 Rue Humann Strasbourg France F-67085 nce
Citazione:
D. Pinault et al., "Medium-voltage 5-9-Hz oscillations give rise to spike-and-wave discharges in a genetic model of absence epilepsy: In vivo dual extracellular recording of thalamic relay and reticular neurons", NEUROSCIENC, 105(1), 2001, pp. 181-201

Abstract

In humans with absence epilepsy, spike-and-wave discharges develop in the thalamocortical system during quiet immobile wakefulness or drowsiness. Thepresent study examined the initial stage of the spontaneous development ofspike-and-wave discharges in Genetic Absence Epilepsy Rats from Strasbourg. Bilateral electrocorticograms were recorded in epileptic and non-epileptic rats under freely moving and undrugged conditions and under neuroleptanalgesia. Short-lasting episodes of medium-voltage 5-9-Hz (mean = 6-Hz) oscillations usually emerged spontaneously from a desynchronized electrocorticogram and in bilateral synchrony in both rat strains. These oscillations were distinguishable from sleep spindles regarding their internal frequency, duration, morphology, and moment of occurrence. Spontaneous spike-and-wave discharges developed from such synchronized medium-voltage oscillations, the spike-and-wave complex occurring at the same frequency as the 5-9-Hz wave. Because the thalamus is thought to play a significant role in the generation of spike-and-wave discharges, dual extracellular recording and juxtacellular labelling of relay and reticular neurons were conducted to study the thalamic cellular mechanisms associated with the generation of spike-and-wave discharges. During medium-voltage 5-9-Hz oscillations, discharges of relay and reticular cells had identical patterns in epileptic and non-epilepticrats, consisting of occasional single action potentials and/or bursts (interburst frequency of up to 6-8 Hz) in relay cells, and of rhythmic bursts (up to 12-15 Hz) in reticular neurons, these discharging in the burst mode almost always before relay neurons. The discharge frequency of reticular bursts decelerated to 6 Hz by the beginning of the spike-and-wave discharges. During these, relay and reticular neurons usually fired in synchrony a single action potential or a high-frequency burst of two or three action potentials and a high-frequency burst, respectively, about 12 ms before the spikecomponent of the spike-and-wave complexes. The frequency of these corresponded to the maximal frequency of the thalamocortical burst discharges associated with 5-9-Hz oscillations. The patterns of relay and reticular phasic cellular firings associated with spike-and-wave discharges had temporal characteristics similar to those associated with medium-voltage 5-9-Hz oscillations, suggesting that these normal and epileptic oscillations are underlain by similar thalamic cellular mechanisms. In conclusion, medium-voltage 5-9-Hz oscillations in the thalamocortical loop give rise to spike-and-wave discharges. Such oscillations are not themselves sufficient to initiate spike-and-wave discharges, meaning that genetic factors render thalamocortical networks prone to generate epileptic electrical activity, possibly by decreasing the excitability threshold in reticular cells. While these GABAergic neurons play a key role in the synchronization of glutamatergic relay neurons during seizures, relay cells may participate significantly in the regulation of the recurrence of the spike-and-wave complex. Furthermore, it is very likely that synchronization of relay and reticular cellular discharges during absence seizures is generated in part by corticothalamic inputs. (C) 2001 IBRO. Published by Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 25/09/20 alle ore 00:14:14