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Titolo:
Working memory and inferences: Evidence from eye fixations during reading
Autore:
Calvo, MG;
Indirizzi:
Univ La Laguna, Dept Psicol Cognit, Tenerife 38205, Spain Univ La Laguna Tenerife Spain 38205 Psicol Cognit, Tenerife 38205, Spain
Titolo Testata:
MEMORY
fascicolo: 4-6, volume: 9, anno: 2001,
pagine: 365 - 381
SICI:
0965-8211(200107)9:4-6<365:WMAIEF>2.0.ZU;2-#
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
KNOWLEDGE-BASED INFERENCES; PREDICTIVE INFERENCES; TIME-COURSE; INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES; ELABORATIVE INFERENCES; LANGUAGE COMPREHENSION; TEXT COMPREHENSION; MOVEMENT CONTROL; CAPACITY THEORY; OCCUR ONLINE;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
64
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Calvo, MG Univ La Laguna, Dept Psicol Cognit, Tenerife 38205, Spain Univ La Laguna Tenerife Spain 38205 nit, Tenerife 38205, Spain
Citazione:
M.G. Calvo, "Working memory and inferences: Evidence from eye fixations during reading", MEMORY, 9(4-6), 2001, pp. 365-381

Abstract

Eye fixations during reading were monitored to examine the relationship between individual differences in working memory capacity-as assessed by the reading span task-and inferences about predictable events. Context sentences predicting likely events, or non-predicting control sentences, were presented. They were followed by continuation sentences in which a target word represented an event to be inferred (inferential word) or an unlikely event (non-predictable word). A main effect of reading span showed that high working memory capacity was related to shorter gaze durations across sentence regions. More specific findings involved an interaction between context, target, and reading span on late processing measures and regions. Thus, for high-but not for low-span readers, the predicting condition, relative to the control condition, facilitated reanalysis of the continuation sentence thatrepresented the inference concept. This effect was revealed by a reductionin regression-path reading time in the last region of the sentence, involving less time reading that region and fewer regressions from it. These results indicate that working memory facilitates elaborative inferences during reading, but that this occurs at late text-integration processes, rather than at early lexical-access processes.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 31/03/20 alle ore 10:34:28