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Titolo:
CO2 and HCO3- uptake in marine diatoms acclimated to different CO2 concentrations
Autore:
Burkhardt, S; Amoroso, G; Riebesell, U; Sultemeyer, D;
Indirizzi:
Univ Kaiserslautern, Fachbereich Biol, D-67653 Kaiserslautern, Germany Univ Kaiserslautern Kaiserslautern Germany D-67653 iserslautern, Germany Alfred Wegener Inst Polar & Marine Res, D-27570 Bremerhaven, Germany Alfred Wegener Inst Polar & Marine Res Bremerhaven Germany D-27570 rmany
Titolo Testata:
LIMNOLOGY AND OCEANOGRAPHY
fascicolo: 6, volume: 46, anno: 2001,
pagine: 1378 - 1391
SICI:
0024-3590(200109)46:6<1378:CAHUIM>2.0.ZU;2-Z
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
CARBONIC-ANHYDRASE ACTIVITY; STEADY-STATE PHOTOSYNTHESIS; INORGANIC CARBON; CHLAMYDOMONAS-REINHARDTII; PHAEODACTYLUM-TRICORNUTUM; SYNECHOCOCCUS UTEX-625; O-18 EXCHANGE; GROWTH-RATE; CI CELLS; TRANSPORT;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Agriculture,Biology & Environmental Sciences
Citazioni:
43
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Sultemeyer, D Univ Kaiserslautern, Fachbereich Biol, Postfach 3049, D-67653 Kaiserslautern, Germany Univ Kaiserslautern Postfach 3049 KaiserslauternGermany D-67653
Citazione:
S. Burkhardt et al., "CO2 and HCO3- uptake in marine diatoms acclimated to different CO2 concentrations", LIMN OCEAN, 46(6), 2001, pp. 1378-1391

Abstract

Rates of cellular uptake of CO2 and HCO3- during steady-state photosynthesis were measured in the marine diatoms Thalassiosira weissflogii and Phaeodactylum tricornutum, acclimated to CO2 partial pressures of 36, 180, 360, and 1,800 ppmv. In addition, in vivo activity of extracellular (eCA) and intracellular (iCA) carbonic anhydrase was determined in relation to CO2 availability. Both species responded to diminishing CO2 supply with an increase in eCA and iCA activity. In P. tricornutum, eCA activity was close to the detection limit at higher CO2 concentrations. Simultaneous uptake of CO2 andHCO3- was observed in both diatoms. At air-equilibrated CO2 levels (360 ppmv), T. weissflogii took up CO2 and HCO3- at approximately the same rate, whereas CO2 uptake exceeded HCO3- uptake by a factor of two in P. tricornutum. In both diatoms, CO2 and HCO3- uptake ratios progressively decreased with decreasing CO, concentration, whereas substrate affinities of CO, and HCO.- uptake increased. Half-saturation concentrations were always less than or equal to5 muM CO2 for CO2 uptake and < 700 muM HCO3- for HCO3- uptake, Our results indicate the presence of highly efficient uptake systems for CO2 and HCO3- in both diatoms at concentrations typically encountered in ocean surface waters and the ability to adjust uptake rates to a wide range of inorganic carbon supply.

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Documento generato il 12/08/20 alle ore 20:17:00