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Titolo:
Processing of second-order motion stimuli in primate middle temporal area and medial superior temporal area
Autore:
Churan, J; Ilg, UJ;
Indirizzi:
Neurol Universitatsklin, Abt Kognit Neurol, D-72076 Tubingen, Germany Neurol Universitatsklin Tubingen Germany D-72076 72076 Tubingen, Germany
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF THE OPTICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA A-OPTICS IMAGE SCIENCE AND VISION
fascicolo: 9, volume: 18, anno: 2001,
pagine: 2297 - 2306
SICI:
1084-7529(200109)18:9<2297:POSMSI>2.0.ZU;2-D
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
PURSUIT EYE-MOVEMENTS; 2ND-ORDER MOTION; MACAQUE MONKEY; VISUAL-CORTEX; RHESUS-MONKEY; MT; PERCEPTION; NEURONS; MECHANISMS; STRIATE;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Engineering, Computing & Technology
Citazioni:
32
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Ilg, UJ Neurol Universitatsklin, Abt Kognit Neurol, Hoppe Seyler Str 3, D-72076 Tubingen, Germany Neurol Universitatsklin Hoppe Seyler Str 3 Tubingen Germany D-72076
Citazione:
J. Churan e U.J. Ilg, "Processing of second-order motion stimuli in primate middle temporal area and medial superior temporal area", J OPT SOC A, 18(9), 2001, pp. 2297-2306

Abstract

Two rhesus, monkeys were subjects in a direction-discrimination task involving moving stimuli defined by either first- or second-order motion. Two different second-order motion stimuli were used: drift-balanced motion consisting of a rectangular field of stationary dots and theta motion consisting of the same rectangular field with dots moving in the direction opposite tothat of the object. The two types of stimuli involved different segmentation cues between the moving object and the background: temporal structure ofthe luminance (flicker) in the case of drift-balanced motion and opposed motion in the case of the theta-motion stimulus. Our monkeys were able to correctly report the direction of each stimulus. Single-unit recordings from the middle temporal (MT) and medial superior temporal (MST) areas revealed that 16 out of 38 neurons (41%) from area MT and 34 out of 68 neurons (50%)from area MST responded in a directionally selective manner to the drift-balanced stimulus. The movement of an object defined by theta motion is not explicitly encoded in the neuronal activity in areas MT or MST. Our resultsdo not support the hypothesis that the neuronal activity in these areas codes for the direction of stimulus movement independent of specific stimulusparameters. Furthermore, our results emphasize the relevance of different segmentation cues between figure and background. Therefore the notion that there are multiple sites responsible for the processing of second-order motion is strongly supported. (C) 2001 Optical Society of America.

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Documento generato il 22/01/20 alle ore 07:01:43