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Titolo:
Signal transduction in smooth muscle - Invited review: The circle of life:cell cycle regulation in airway smooth muscle
Autore:
Ammit, AJ; Panettieri, RA;
Indirizzi:
Univ Penn, Dept Med, Pulm Allergy & Crit Care Div, Philadelphia, PA 19104 USA Univ Penn Philadelphia PA USA 19104 Care Div, Philadelphia, PA 19104 USA Univ Sydney, Fac Pharm, Resp Res Grp, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia Univ Sydney Sydney NSW Australia 2006 es Grp, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY
fascicolo: 3, volume: 91, anno: 2001,
pagine: 1431 - 1437
SICI:
8750-7587(200109)91:3<1431:STISM->2.0.ZU;2-9
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
EXTRACELLULAR-MATRIX PROTEINS; PHOSPHATIDYLINOSITOL 3-KINASE; D-1 EXPRESSION; DNA-SYNTHESIS; PHOSPHOINOSITIDE 3-KINASE; MOLECULAR MECHANISMS; RECEPTOR ACTIVATION; TRACHEAL MYOCYTES; T-LYMPHOCYTES; PROLIFERATION;
Keywords:
receptor tyrosine kinases; G protein-coupled receptors; p21ras; extracellular signal-related kinase; phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase; cyclin D1;
Tipo documento:
Review
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
75
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Panettieri, RA Univ Penn, Dept Med, Pulm Allergy & Crit Care Div, 805 BRB 2-3,421 Curie Blvd, Philadelphia, PA 19104 USA Univ Penn 805 BRB 2-3,421 Curie Blvd Philadelphia PA USA 19104
Citazione:
A.J. Ammit e R.A. Panettieri, "Signal transduction in smooth muscle - Invited review: The circle of life:cell cycle regulation in airway smooth muscle", J APP PHYSL, 91(3), 2001, pp. 1431-1437

Abstract

Severe asthma is characterized by increased airway smooth muscle (ASM) mass, due predominantly to ASM hyperplasia. Diverse stimuli, which include growth factors, plasma- or inflammatory cell-derived mediators, contractile agonists, cytokines, and extracellular matrix proteins, induce ASM proliferation. Mitogens act via receptor tyrosine kinase, G protein-coupled receptors, or cytokine receptors, to activate p21ras and stimulate two parallel signaling pathways in ASM cells, namely, the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) or the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) pathways. ERK and PI3K regulate cell cycle protein expression and thus modulate cell cycle traversal. ERK activation and downstream effectors of PI3K, such as Rac1 and Cdc42, stimulate expression of cyclin D1, a key regulator of G(1) progression in the mammalian cell cycle. In addition, PI3K activates 70-kDa ribosomal S6 kinase, an enzyme that also regulates the translation of many cell cycle proteins, including the elongation factor E2F. The present review examines the mitogens and critical signal transduction pathways that stimulate ASM cell proliferation. Further study in this area may reveal new therapeutic targets to abrogate ASM hyperplasia in diseases such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 31/03/20 alle ore 10:18:16