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Titolo:
Nutritional status and dietary intakes of children aged 2-5 years and their caregivers in a rural South African community
Autore:
Faber, M; Jogessar, VB; Benade, AJS;
Indirizzi:
Univ Natal, Med Res Council, Nutr Intervent Res Unit, Natal, RN, Brazil Univ Natal Natal RN Brazil l, Nutr Intervent Res Unit, Natal, RN, Brazil Univ Natal, Dept Haematol, Natal, RN, Brazil Univ Natal Natal RN BrazilUniv Natal, Dept Haematol, Natal, RN, Brazil
Titolo Testata:
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCES AND NUTRITION
fascicolo: 5, volume: 52, anno: 2001,
pagine: 401 - 411
SICI:
0963-7486(200109)52:5<401:NSADIO>2.0.ZU;2-X
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
VITAMIN-A STATUS; PRESCHOOL-CHILDREN; SERUM; SUPPLEMENTATION; GROWTH;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Agriculture,Biology & Environmental Sciences
Citazioni:
35
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Faber, M Univ Natal, Med Res Council, Nutr Intervent Res Unit, Natal, RN, Brazil Univ Natal Natal RN Brazil ntervent Res Unit, Natal, RN, Brazil
Citazione:
M. Faber et al., "Nutritional status and dietary intakes of children aged 2-5 years and their caregivers in a rural South African community", INT J F S N, 52(5), 2001, pp. 401-411

Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine the nutritional status regarding vitamin A, iron and anthropometric indices and dietary intakes of children aged 2-5 years and their caregivers in a rural South African community. Micronutrient, haematological, anthropometric and dietary indicators were used to assess nutritional status during a cross-sectional survey. The setting was a low socioeconomic rural African community (Ndunakazi), approximately 60 km northwest of the coastal city of Durban in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. The subjects were children aged 2-5 years (n = 164), and their caregivers (n = 137). Of the preschool children, 50% had a low vitamin A status (serum retinol < 20 <mu>g/dL), 54% were anaemic (Hb < 11 <mu>g/dL), 33% haddepleted iron stores (serum ferritin levels < 10 <mu>g/L), and 21% were stunted (Z-score for height-for-age < -2SD). Of the caregivers, 30% had a lowvitamin A status (serum retinol < 30 mug/dL), 44% were anaemic (Hb < 11 <mu>g/dL), 19% had depleted iron stores (serum ferritin levels <12 <mu>g/L), and 40% and 26% were overweight (BMI greater than or equal to 24 and <30) and obese (BMI 30), respectively. The children and caregivers consumed a cereal-based diet, with phutu (a stiff porridge made with maize meat), rice and bread as staple foods. Quantitative dietary analysis showed that the dietary intakes were high in carbohydrates (<similar to>70% of total energy), while fat intake was within the prudent dietary guideline of 30% of total energy intake. Median dietary intakes were below 50% of the RDA for calcium, zinc (children only), vitamin A, riboflavin, niacin (children only) and vitamin B-12. These preschool children and their caregivers consumed a high carbohydrate diet deficient in most of the essential micronutrients. The poorquality of the diet was reflected in a poor vitamin A and iron status, andone-fifth of the children showed linear growth retardation. Nutrition education and intervention programmes should address micronutrient deficiencies, with the focus not only on quantity, but also quality of the diet.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 31/03/20 alle ore 22:46:42