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Titolo:
Using the historical atmospheric lead-deposition record as a chronologicalmarker in sediment deposits in Europe
Autore:
Renberg, I; Bindler, R; Brannvall, ML;
Indirizzi:
Umea Univ, Dept Ecol & Environm Sci, SE-90187 Umea, Sweden Umea Univ Umea Sweden SE-90187 col & Environm Sci, SE-90187 Umea, Sweden
Titolo Testata:
HOLOCENE
fascicolo: 5, volume: 11, anno: 2001,
pagine: 511 - 516
SICI:
0959-6836(2001)11:5<511:UTHALR>2.0.ZU;2-9
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
LAKE-SEDIMENTS; GREENLAND ICE; ISOTOPIC COMPOSITION; PEAT BOG; POLLUTION; SWEDEN; ROMAN; AD; SWITZERLAND; RATIOS;
Keywords:
lead pollution; stable lead isotopes; chronology; dating; marker horizon; lake sediments; peat bogs; late Holocene; Europe;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Citazioni:
37
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Renberg, I Umea Univ, Dept Ecol & Environm Sci, SE-90187 Umea, Sweden UmeaUniv Umea Sweden SE-90187 onm Sci, SE-90187 Umea, Sweden
Citazione:
I. Renberg et al., "Using the historical atmospheric lead-deposition record as a chronologicalmarker in sediment deposits in Europe", HOLOCENE, 11(5), 2001, pp. 511-516

Abstract

Atmospheric deposition of large-scale lead pollution has occurred for at least 3000 years in Europe. Metal production and smelting were the main sources until the twentieth century when emissions from vehicles using alkyl-leaded petrol became dominant. Analyses of lake-sediment and peat deposits inSweden and other regions in Europe, as well as ice cores from Greenland, suggest synchronous temporal changes in past pollution deposition. Characteristic features in the atmospheric pollution fallout were caused by: the peak in lead production during the Roman period; the marked Mediaeval increasein mining and metal production; the rapidly increasing use of cars and leaded gasoline after the second world war along with increased industrial emissions until around 1970, which was followed by a major improvement due to environmental legislation. For northern Europe at least, these characteristic changes can be used to determine, with reasonable accuracy, at which levels AD 0, AD 1000-1200 and AD 1970 are situated in lake-sediment deposits. To identify these levels, stable lead isotope analyses (Pb-206/Pb-207 ratios) have proven to be very useful besides concentration determinations. Particularly useful are the isotope analyses in areas, such as Sweden, where the differences in Pb-206/Pb-207 ratios are large between the natural catchment lead and the pollution lead.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 15/07/20 alle ore 08:27:38