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Titolo:
Adrenocortical activity in at-risk and normally developing adolescents: Individual differences in salivary cortisol basal levels, diurnal variation, and responses to social challenges
Autore:
Klimes-Dougan, B; Hastings, PD; Granger, DA; Usher, BA; Zahn-Waxler, C;
Indirizzi:
Catholic Univ Amer, Dept Psychol, Washington, DC 20064 USA Catholic Univ Amer Washington DC USA 20064 chol, Washington, DC 20064 USA NIMH, Bethesda, MD USA NIMH Bethesda MD USANIMH, Bethesda, MD USA Penn State Univ, University Pk, PA 16802 USA Penn State Univ University Pk PA USA 16802 v, University Pk, PA 16802 USA
Titolo Testata:
DEVELOPMENT AND PSYCHOPATHOLOGY
fascicolo: 3, volume: 13, anno: 2001,
pagine: 695 - 719
SICI:
0954-5794(200122)13:3<695:AAIAAN>2.0.ZU;2-0
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
INTERNALIZING BEHAVIOR PROBLEMS; DEXAMETHASONE SUPPRESSION TEST; MAJOR DEPRESSIVE DISORDER; CLINIC-REFERRED CHILDREN; NONDEPRESSED CHILDREN; DISRUPTIVE BEHAVIOR; FAMILY ENVIRONMENT; CONDUCT DISORDER; SUBSTANCE-ABUSE; SEX-DIFFERENCES;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
79
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Klimes-Dougan, B Catholic Univ Amer, Dept Psychol, 314 OBoyle Hall, Washington, DC 20064 USA Catholic Univ Amer 314 OBoyle Hall Washington DC USA 20064
Citazione:
B. Klimes-Dougan et al., "Adrenocortical activity in at-risk and normally developing adolescents: Individual differences in salivary cortisol basal levels, diurnal variation, and responses to social challenges", DEV PSYCHOP, 13(3), 2001, pp. 695-719

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine adrenocortical activity (basal, diurnal variation, and responses to social stressors) in adolescents at riskfor psychopathology. Salivary cortisol levels were examined in normally developing and at-risk youth with internalizing and externalizing symptoms ranging from subclinical to clinical levels. Adolescents showed expected patterns of diurnal variation, with high early morning cortisol levels and a pattern of decline throughout the day. Females showed higher midday and late afternoon levels than mates, and these patterns interacted with risk status. Internalizing problems sometimes were associated with gradual rather thansteep declines in basal cortisol production. Both immediate and delayed cortisol reactivity to a social performance stressor were associated with internalizing symptoms. There was no evidence of relations between externalizing problems and underarousal of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) system. These and other results suggest that gender is an important moderating factor linking psychopathology, development, and context with HPA axis functioning in adolescence.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 22/01/20 alle ore 10:16:29