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Titolo:
Maternal prenatal, postpartum, and concurrent stressors and temperament in3-year-olds: A person and variable analysis
Autore:
Susman, EJ; Schmeelk, KH; Ponirakis, A; Gariepy, JL;
Indirizzi:
Penn State Univ, Dept Biobehav Hlth, University Pk, PA 16802 USA Penn State Univ University Pk PA USA 16802 h, University Pk, PA 16802 USA Univ Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA Univ Michigan Ann Arbor MI USA 48109 iv Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA Vanderbilt Univ, Nashville, TN 37232 USA Vanderbilt Univ Nashville TN USA37232 bilt Univ, Nashville, TN 37232 USA Univ N Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC USA Univ N Carolina Chapel Hill NC USAUniv N Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC USA
Titolo Testata:
DEVELOPMENT AND PSYCHOPATHOLOGY
fascicolo: 3, volume: 13, anno: 2001,
pagine: 629 - 652
SICI:
0954-5794(200122)13:3<629:MPPACS>2.0.ZU;2-A
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
CORTICOTROPIN-RELEASING HORMONE; INFANT BIRTH-WEIGHT; SALIVARY CORTISOL; BEHAVIOR PROBLEMS; DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOPATHOLOGY; YOUNG ADOLESCENTS; BRAIN-DEVELOPMENT; FETAL BRAIN; HEART-RATE; AGE 3;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
93
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Susman, EJ Penn State Univ, Dept Biobehav Hlth, E-314 Hlth & Human Dev Bldg, University Pk, PA 16802 USA Penn State Univ E-314 Hlth & Human Dev Bldg University Pk PA USA 16802
Citazione:
E.J. Susman et al., "Maternal prenatal, postpartum, and concurrent stressors and temperament in3-year-olds: A person and variable analysis", DEV PSYCHOP, 13(3), 2001, pp. 629-652

Abstract

The study was based on the assumption that stressors in the lives of pregnant and parenting women are processes that affect prenatal, postpartum, andconcurrent maternal hormones and emotions and that these processes affect child temperament. The hypotheses were tested in a group of 67 young mothers and their 3-year-old children. Mothers were clustered into groups based on longitudinal patterns of hormones and emotions at prenatal, postpartum, and 3-year follow-up assessments. The analyses focused on relating maternal patterns of hormones and emotions to the child's temperament at age 3 years. Temperament was assessed by questionnaire and observation of behavior during a challenging situation. Illustrative findings included the following. Verbal aggression and nonverbal aggression were significantly higher in children of mothers in the low prenatal hormone cluster than children of mothers in the high prenatal hormone cluster. Children of mothers in the postpartum low testosterone (T), estradiol (E-2), and androstenedione (Delta4-A) and medium cortisol (Cort) cluster (mainly low hormone cluster) exhibited significantly more physical aggression than children of mothers in the mediumT and Delta4-A, high E-2 and low Cort cluster. Maternal patterns of hormones, emotions, and parenting attitudes and practices were related to multiple aspects of temperament when the children were age 3 years. The findings support the important role of maternal biological and psychological processes in the development of child temperament.

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Documento generato il 08/04/20 alle ore 09:03:53