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Titolo:
Salivary cortisol levels in children adopted from Romanian orphanages
Autore:
Gunnar, MR; Morison, SJ; Chisholm, K; Schuder, M;
Indirizzi:
Univ Minnesota, Inst Child Dev, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA Univ Minnesota Minneapolis MN USA 55455 ld Dev, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA Harvard Univ, Cambridge, MA 02138 USA Harvard Univ Cambridge MA USA 02138Harvard Univ, Cambridge, MA 02138 USA
Titolo Testata:
DEVELOPMENT AND PSYCHOPATHOLOGY
fascicolo: 3, volume: 13, anno: 2001,
pagine: 611 - 628
SICI:
0954-5794(200122)13:3<611:SCLICA>2.0.ZU;2-E
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
PITUITARY-ADRENAL AXIS; CORTICOTROPIN-RELEASING FACTOR; INTERNATIONAL ADOPTEES; PRENATAL ALCOHOL; PROBLEM BEHAVIOR; RHESUS-MONKEYS; STRESS; DEPRIVATION; DEPRESSION; EXPOSURE;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
55
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Gunnar, MR Univ Minnesota, Inst Child Dev, 51 E River Rd, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA Univ Minnesota 51 E River Rd Minneapolis MN USA 55455 55455 USA
Citazione:
M.R. Gunnar et al., "Salivary cortisol levels in children adopted from Romanian orphanages", DEV PSYCHOP, 13(3), 2001, pp. 611-628

Abstract

Six and a half years after adoption. 6- to 12-year-old children reared in Romanian orphanages for more than 8 months in their first years of life (RO, n = 18) had higher cortisol levels over the daytime hours than did early adopted (EA, less than or equal to 4 months of age, n = 15) and Canadian born (CB, n = 27) children, The effect was marked, with 22% of the RO children exhibiting cortisol levels averaged over the day that exceeded the mean plus 2 SD of the EA and CB levels. Furthermore. the longer beyond 8 months that the RO children remained institutionalized the higher their cortisol levels. Cortisol levels for EA children did not differ in any respect from those of CB comparison children. This latter finding reduces but does not eliminate concerns that the results could be due to prenatal effects or birth family characteristics associated with orphanage placement. Neither age at cortisol sampling nor low IQ measured earlier appeared to explain the findings, Because the conditions in Romanian orphanages at the time these children were adopted were characterized by multiple risk factors. including gross privation of basic needs and exposure to infectious agents. the factor(s)that produced the increase in cortisol production cannot be determined. Nor could we determine whether these results reflected effects on the limbic-hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis directly or were mediated by differences in parent-child interactions or family stress occasion by behavioral problems associated with prolonged orphanage care in this sample.

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Documento generato il 08/04/20 alle ore 09:09:14