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Titolo:
Molecular analysis of apo(a) fragmentation in polygenic hypercholesterolemia - Characterization of a new plasma fragment pattern
Autore:
Gonbert, S; Saint-Jore, B; Giral, P; Doucet, C; Chapman, J; Thillet, J;
Indirizzi:
Hop La Pitie Salpetriere, INSERM, Unite 321, F-75651 Paris 13, France Hop La Pitie Salpetriere Paris France 13 e 321, F-75651 Paris 13, France Hop La Pitie Salpetriere, Serv Endocrinol & Metab, F-75651 Paris, France Hop La Pitie Salpetriere Paris France F-75651 tab, F-75651 Paris, France
Titolo Testata:
ARTERIOSCLEROSIS THROMBOSIS AND VASCULAR BIOLOGY
fascicolo: 8, volume: 21, anno: 2001,
pagine: 1353 - 1358
SICI:
1079-5642(200108)21:8<1353:MAOAFI>2.0.ZU;2-D
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
STAGE RENAL-DISEASE; FAMILIAL HYPERCHOLESTEROLEMIA; LIPOPROTEIN(A) CONCENTRATIONS; APOLIPOPROTEIN(A) FRAGMENTS; LP(A); URINE; EXCRETION; LP; PHENOTYPES; RELEVANCE;
Keywords:
hypercholesterolemia; apo(a); vascular disease; Lp(a);
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
30
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Thillet, J Hop La Pitie Salpetriere, INSERM, Unite 321, 83 Blvd Hop, F-75651 Paris 13, France Hop La Pitie Salpetriere 83 Blvd Hop Paris France 13 3, France
Citazione:
S. Gonbert et al., "Molecular analysis of apo(a) fragmentation in polygenic hypercholesterolemia - Characterization of a new plasma fragment pattern", ART THROM V, 21(8), 2001, pp. 1353-1358

Abstract

Hypercholesterolemia is frequently associated with elevated Lp(a) levels, an independent risk factor for coronary, cerebrovascular, and peripheral vascular disease. A portion of apolipoprotein(a) [apo(a)] circulates as a series of fragments derived from the N-terminal region of apo(a). The relationship of elevated lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] levels to those of circulating apo(a) fragments in polygenic hypercholesterolemia is indeterminate. Therefore,plasma Lp(a) and plasma and urinary apo(a) fragment levels were measured by ELISA in 82 patients with polygenic type Ha hypercholesterolemia (low density lipoprotein cholesterol greater than or equal to4.13 mmol/L and triglycerides <2.24 mmol/L) and in 90 normolipidemic subjects. Lp(a) levels were significantly elevated in patients compared with control subjects (0.35 +/-0.4 and 0.24 +/-0.31 mg/mL, respectively; median 0.13 and 0.11 mg/mL, respectively; P=0.039), although apo(a) isoform distribution did not differ. Patients displayed significantly higher plasma and urinary apo(a) fragment levels than did control subjects (respective values were as follows: 4.97 +/-5.51 and 2.15 +/-2.57 [median 2.85 and 1.17] mug/mL in plasma, P <0.0001; 75+/- 86 and 40 +/- 57 [median 38 and 17] ng/mg urinary creatinine in urine,P <0.0001). The ratio of plasma apo(a) fragments to Lp(a) levels was also significantly higher in patients than in control subjects (1.93 +/-1.5% and1.75 +/-2.36%, respectively; P <0.0001). We conclude that increased plasmaLp(a) levels in polygenic hypercholesterolemia are associated with elevated circulating levels of apo(a) fragments but that this increase is not due to decreased renal clearance of apo(a) fragments. Furthermore, we identified a new pattern of apo(a) fragmentation characterized by the predominance of a fragment band whose size was related to that of the parent apo(a) isoform and that was superimposed on the series of fragments described previously by Mooser et al (J Clin Invest. 1996;98:2414-2424). This new pattern was associated with small apo(a) isoforms and did not discriminate between hypercholesterolemic and normal subjects. However, this new apo(a) fragment pattern may constitute a novel marker for cardiovascular risk.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 26/05/20 alle ore 05:24:18