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Titolo:
Larviculture of marine finfish in Europe
Autore:
Shields, RJ;
Indirizzi:
Ocean Inst, Waimanalo, HI 96795 USA Ocean Inst Waimanalo HI USA 96795Ocean Inst, Waimanalo, HI 96795 USA
Titolo Testata:
AQUACULTURE
fascicolo: 1-2, volume: 200, anno: 2001,
pagine: 55 - 88
SICI:
0044-8486(20010815)200:1-2<55:LOMFIE>2.0.ZU;2-L
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
HIPPOGLOSSUS-HIPPOGLOSSUS L.; TURBOT SCOPHTHALMUS-MAXIMUS; LABRAX LARVAL DEVELOPMENT; FATTY-ACID COMPOSITION; PORGY PAGRUS-PAGRUS; DIETARY VITAMIN-C; YOLK-SAC LARVAE; ATLANTIC HALIBUT; BACTERIAL-FLORA; LIVE FOOD;
Keywords:
marine fish; larval rearing; zootechniques nutrition; disease; microbiology;
Tipo documento:
Review
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Agriculture,Biology & Environmental Sciences
Citazioni:
108
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Shields, RJ Ocean Inst, Makapuu Point,41-202 Kalanianaole Highway, Waimanalo, HI 96795USA Ocean Inst Makapuu Point,41-202 Kalanianaole Highway Waimanalo HI USA 96795
Citazione:
R.J. Shields, "Larviculture of marine finfish in Europe", AQUACULTURE, 200(1-2), 2001, pp. 55-88

Abstract

European larviculture techniques for commercially farmed marine finfish species are reviewed with reference to recent developments in the fields of health management, larval nutrition and system operation. Specific rearing methods and critical aspects of production are described for sea bream Sparus aurata, sea bass Dicentrarchus labrax, turbot Scophthalmus maximus, and Atlantic halibut Hippoglossus hippoglossus. The European industry is dominated by rapidly expanding production of juvenile sea bream and sea bass (approximately 450 million fry in 1999). These species are mainly reared intensively in green water, using Brachionus and Artemia as prey, although hyper-intensive clear water techniques and extensive/semi-intensive rearing methods are also used. Large "industrial" hatcheries, incorporating system automation and standardized operating procedures, now account for a high proportion of total European sea bass and sea bream production. Intensive larviculture techniques are also now prevalent for the production of turbot and Atlantic halibut in Europe, although several key operators retain the use of extensively reared zooplankton, owing to pigmentation abnormalities associated with Brachionus and Artemia prey. Output of these flatfish species is relatively low and rising slowly (circa 5 million and 750,000 fry, respectively, in 1999). Future development of the European marine fish hatchery sectoris considered in terms of increasing output levels and production efficiency for existing farmed species and adapting hatchery facilities and techniques to enable species diversification. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 23/10/20 alle ore 14:19:22