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Titolo:
Ecstasy pill testing: harm minimization gone too far?
Autore:
Winstock, AR; Wolff, K; Ramsey, J;
Indirizzi:
Univ London Kings Coll, Inst Psychiat, Natl Addict Ctr, London SE5 8AF, England Univ London Kings Coll London England SE5 8AF r, London SE5 8AF, England Univ London St Georges Hosp, Sch Med, Toxicol Unit, London SW17 0RE, England Univ London St Georges Hosp London England SW17 0RE on SW17 0RE, England
Titolo Testata:
ADDICTION
fascicolo: 8, volume: 96, anno: 2001,
pagine: 1139 - 1148
SICI:
0965-2140(200108)96:8<1139:EPTHMG>2.0.ZU;2-S
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
SEROTONERGIC DEFICITS; 3,4-METHYLENEDIOXYMETHAMPHETAMINE; MDMA; DRUG; IDENTIFICATION; PRINCIPLES; FATALITY; TABLETS; DEATHS; MISUSE;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
44
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Winstock, AR Univ London Kings Coll, Inst Psychiat, Natl Addict Ctr, Addict Sci Bldg,4 Windsor Walk, London SE5 8AF, England Univ London Kings Coll Addict Sci Bldg,4 Windsor Walk London England SE5 8AF
Citazione:
A.R. Winstock et al., "Ecstasy pill testing: harm minimization gone too far?", ADDICTION, 96(8), 2001, pp. 1139-1148

Abstract

Harm reduction has become the focus of public health initiatives and therapeutic intervention in the management of dependent drug use over the last 20 years. The last decade has seen such approaches being extended to recreational drug use. Most harm reduction initiatives have aimed to inform users about risks and ways of minimizing risk. The concept of providing illicit drug users with quality assessment of their chosen drug is one possible harmreduction intervention that until recently has received little attention. In response to well-publicized 'ecstasy'-related deaths organizations in some European countries and the United States have chosen to provide a 'pill testing service' for users. There are two broad categories of pill testing offered. Simple colour reagent test kits (Marquis Reagent and colour charts) form the most widely used on-site pill testing method. Less frequently, but more accurately, laboratory personnel with access to sophisticated chromatographic equipment (high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) or gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS)) may provide analysis of a pill. Pill testing kits have been advocated as a 'tool to protect yourself' against the polluted XTC market'. We refute this line of reasoning. Of the different tests only techniques such as GC-MS can identify satisfactorily the psychoactive constituents present in ecstasy pills. Colour tests based on an interpretation of a colour response in the presence of a drug are, at best, subjective. Pill testing of any description does not guarantee safety, or protect the consumer against individual responses to pills. At best it givesan artificial 'shine of safety' to a group of diverse drugs that remain both illicit and potentially harmful. Other simpler harm reduction mechanismsare likely to be more effective.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 19/01/20 alle ore 09:26:05