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Titolo:
Depression and smoking: examining correlates in a subset of depressed patients
Autore:
Roy, K; Parker, G; Mitchell, P; Wilhelm, K;
Indirizzi:
Univ New S Wales, Sch Psychiat, Randwick, NSW 2031, Australia Univ New S Wales Randwick NSW Australia 2031 andwick, NSW 2031, Australia Prince Wales Hosp, Mood Disorders Unit, Randwick, NSW 2031, Australia Prince Wales Hosp Randwick NSW Australia 2031 ndwick, NSW 2031, Australia
Titolo Testata:
AUSTRALIAN AND NEW ZEALAND JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY
fascicolo: 3, volume: 35, anno: 2001,
pagine: 329 - 335
SICI:
0004-8674(200106)35:3<329:DASECI>2.0.ZU;2-K
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
MAJOR DEPRESSION; NONMELANCHOLIC DEPRESSION; NICOTINE DEPENDENCE; FOLLOW-UP; CIGARETTE-SMOKING; DISORDERS; COMORBIDITY; PERSONALITY; ADOLESCENCE; INVOLVEMENT;
Keywords:
comorbid; coping; depression; disordered personality; smoking;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
51
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Roy, K Univ New S Wales, Sch Psychiat, Randwick, NSW 2031, Australia Univ New S Wales Randwick NSW Australia 2031 , NSW 2031, Australia
Citazione:
K. Roy et al., "Depression and smoking: examining correlates in a subset of depressed patients", AUST NZ J P, 35(3), 2001, pp. 329-335

Abstract

Objective: The objective of this study was to examine for associations between depression and cigarette smoking. Method: A sample of 92 depressed smokers was compared with a control sample of depressed non-smokers, matched for age, gender and diagnostic variables. Comparisons were made across a range of demographic, depression, family history, developmental factors, anxiety and personality style variables, aswell as use of alcohol and illicit drugs. Results: We failed to find any difference between smokers and non-smokers in history or severity of depression. Cigarette smokers were distinguished principally by greater exposure to aversive experiences in childhood, disordered personality function, greater use of illicit drugs, anxiolytics and alcohol. Logistic regression identified dysfunctional personality 'domains',physical violence in childhood, long-term anxiolytic use and illicit drug use as the most significant predictor set. Conclusions: Results favour a model of cigarette smoking and depression aslinked by shared early deprivational variables, rather than cigarette smoking causing depression or the converse.

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Documento generato il 05/04/20 alle ore 23:01:53