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Titolo:
Mnestic blockade resulting from stress and trauma
Autore:
Markowitsch, HJ;
Indirizzi:
Univ Bielefeld, D-33501 Bielefeld, Germany Univ Bielefeld Bielefeld Germany D-33501 eld, D-33501 Bielefeld, Germany
Titolo Testata:
ZEITSCHRIFT FUR KLINISCHE PSYCHOLOGIE UND PSYCHOTHERAPIE
fascicolo: 3, volume: 30, anno: 2001,
pagine: 204 - 211
SICI:
1616-3443(2001)30:3<204:MBRFSA>2.0.ZU;2-O
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
GER
Keywords:
stress hormones; autobiographic memory; dissociative disturbances; depression;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
0
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Markowitsch, HJ Univ Bielefeld, Postfach 10 01 31, D-33501 Bielefeld, Germany Univ Bielefeld Postfach 10 01 31 Bielefeld Germany D-33501
Citazione:
H.J. Markowitsch, "Mnestic blockade resulting from stress and trauma", Z KLIN P P, 30(3), 2001, pp. 204-211

Abstract

Background: Stress and trauma experiences may influence memory selectivelyand persistently. The question arises whether these environmentally induced memory disturbances manifest themselves on the brain level and whether they can be traced down to anatomical and biochemical levels. Objective: In this review it is asked whether there are correlates for environmentally induced memory disturbances and what kind of possibilities exist for their diagnosis and possible treatment. Method: After introducing currently discussed memory systems and divisions, results and interpretations of studies on memory disturbances caused by psychic alterations are screened and analyzed. Results: A considerable number of studies were obtained which fitted criteria and in part of which neuroanatomical correlates for environmentally-induced memory disturbances were reported. Conclusions: It is emphasized that the traditional dichotomy between organic-neurological and psychiatric-psychogenic illnesses can no longer be retained, that amnesias can be of selective nature, and that correlations between stress and trauma states and modified steroid release in the brain level (glucocorticoids) are likely. It isproposed to term the selective memory disturbances found in cases with functional amnesia "mnestic block syndrome. " This preliminary labeling is differentiated from other dissociative and conversion reactions as well as fromdepressive conditions.

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Documento generato il 26/01/20 alle ore 00:42:52