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Titolo:
How pediatricians manage asthma in Thailand
Autore:
Vichyanond, P; Hatchaleelaha, S; Jintavorn, V; Kerdsomnuig, S;
Indirizzi:
Siriraj Hosp, Fac Med, Dept Pediat, Div Allergy & Immunol, Bangkok 10700, Thailand Siriraj Hosp Bangkok Thailand 10700 y & Immunol, Bangkok 10700, Thailand
Titolo Testata:
PEDIATRIC PULMONOLOGY
fascicolo: 2, volume: 32, anno: 2001,
pagine: 109 - 114
SICI:
8755-6863(200108)32:2<109:HPMAIT>2.0.ZU;2-1
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
CHILDHOOD ASTHMA; CHILDREN; THEOPHYLLINE; THERAPY;
Keywords:
asthma; management; treatment; acute asthma; chronic asthma; Thailand; children; guidelines;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
24
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Vichyanond, P Siriraj Hosp, Fac Med, Dept Pediat, Div Allergy & Immunol, Bangkok 10700, Thailand Siriraj Hosp Bangkok Thailand 10700 angkok 10700, Thailand
Citazione:
P. Vichyanond et al., "How pediatricians manage asthma in Thailand", PEDIAT PULM, 32(2), 2001, pp. 109-114

Abstract

Currently, there is no existing information regarding prescribing practices for the management of childhood asthma among pediatricians in Thailand. In order to evaluate the management standards for childhood asthma in Thailand, 400 self-administered questionnaires were randomly mailed to nonacademic pediatricians throughout Thailand, asking questions about their preferences in the treatment of childhood asthma. One hundred and seventy-four of these 400 questionnaires were returned (a response rate of 43.5%). Data were analyzed using the descriptive module ofthe Epi-info 6 program. For acute asthma, 17% of the respondents used objective measures such as peak flow meters in assessing asthma severity and severity of acute asthma attacks. The drug of first choice for treating acuteattacks was a nebulized beta-agonist q 20 min (81.8%). Although 93% indicated that they had used theophylline for treating acute attacks, most would reserve the drug for patients with severe symptoms. Corticosteroids were reserved for those with severe attacks (91.7% both for clinic and for in-hospital settings). Hydrocortisone was the most preferred corticosteroid preparation (59.8%). Ninety-seven percent used antibiotics in treating acute asthma, but only with appropriate indications. For chronic asthma, a strong preference was observed for oral beta-agonists as the bronchodilator of choice(88%). For moderately severe asthmatics, theophylline was still preferred by 41% of the responders. Among prophylactic agents, ketotifen was the mostfavored drug (90.4%), whereas inhaled steroids and cromolyn were chosen by9.6% and 2.4%, respectively. Eighty-five percent indicated that they wouldprescribe prophylactic agents for 1 year or less. Forty-two percent never considered allergy evaluation as a part of a workup for childhood asthma. Certain prescribing practices of childhood asthma management in Thailand were observed among pediatricians, i.e., 1) low frequency of using objectivemeasures in assessing asthma severity among pediatricians 2) frequent use of theophylline and antibiotics in the treatment of acute asthma; 3) late introduction of corticosteroids in treating acute asthma; 4) preference for oral bronchodilators; and 5) preference of ketotifen as the prophylactic drug of choice. This survey provides baseline data and will aid in the evaluation of management guidelines for childhood asthma in Thailand. (C) 2001 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 07/04/20 alle ore 22:21:37