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Titolo:
CONSCIOUSNESS ACCORDING TO JAMES - FORGETTING, DISREGARDING AND OTHERSELECTIVE ACTIVITIES OF BODIES-AND-BRAINS
Autore:
SHAPIRO Y;
Indirizzi:
UNIV CALGARY,DEPT PSYCHOL,2500 UNIV DR NW CALGARY AB T2N 1N4 CANADA
Titolo Testata:
Theory & psychology
fascicolo: 4, volume: 7, anno: 1997,
pagine: 457 - 481
SICI:
0959-3543(1997)7:4<457:CATJ-F>2.0.ZU;2-7
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
MONKEYS;
Keywords:
COMPARATIVE PSYCHOLOGY; EVOLUTION OF INTELLIGENCE; HUMAN INFORMATION PROCESSING; LANGUAGE AND COGNITION; MEMORY AND BRAIN;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Citazioni:
20
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
Y. Shapiro, "CONSCIOUSNESS ACCORDING TO JAMES - FORGETTING, DISREGARDING AND OTHERSELECTIVE ACTIVITIES OF BODIES-AND-BRAINS", Theory & psychology, 7(4), 1997, pp. 457-481

Abstract

To illustrate the Mind's ghostly presence in the current debate on consciousness and its relation to the brain, this paper first reviews Searle's (1995a, 1995b) 'The Mystery of Consciousness', next lets William James (1890) enter the debate, and last introduces his theory of consciousness as based on my interpretation of The Principles of Psychology. The theory distinguishes between and explains the neuronal mechanisms of (1) the conscious or purposeful and non-conscious or purposeless actions performed by conscious bodies and (2) their reproductive (R)and productive (P) consciousness (C). Though species-specific, RC is common to the mammalian brain, whose observable actions it demonstrates. RC cognizes the unanalyzed totals and knows nothing about relationsbetween them; its 'empirical knowledge' is mere familiarity with the concrete objects and events recognized as 'that' or 'same'. Specific to the human brain, whose never-observable acts it demonstrates, PC is both evolutionary and developmentally secondary to RC. PC conceives totals, parts, and relations between them; its 'relational' knowledge isabout the world as conceived and reconstructed through analysis and synthesis. The virtues of PC include disregarding the irrelevant, forgetting the unimportant, and breaking the rules of reproductive thought. Human consciousness is both reproductive and productive.

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Documento generato il 04/07/20 alle ore 11:33:05