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Titolo:
Covariation of clutch size, laying date, and incubation tendency in the American Kestrel
Autore:
Sockman, KW; Schwabl, H;
Indirizzi:
Washington State Univ, Sch Biol Sci, Ctr Reprod Biol, Pullman, WA 99164 USA Washington State Univ Pullman WA USA 99164 od Biol, Pullman, WA 99164 USA
Titolo Testata:
CONDOR
fascicolo: 3, volume: 103, anno: 2001,
pagine: 570 - 578
SICI:
0010-5422(200108)103:3<570:COCSLD>2.0.ZU;2-A
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
WHITE-CROWNED SPARROW; FALCO-TINNUNCULUS; ZONOTRICHIA-LEUCOPHRYS; SEASONAL DECLINE; PROLACTIN; BEHAVIOR; FOOD; REPRODUCTION; SPARVERIUS; SECRETION;
Keywords:
Falco sparverius; incubation behavior; proximate control; reproductive effort; reproductive optimization; seasonal breeding;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Agriculture,Biology & Environmental Sciences
Citazioni:
32
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Sockman, KW Johns Hopkins Univ, Dept Psychol, Baltimore, MD 21218 USA Johns Hopkins Univ Baltimore MD USA 21218 imore, MD 21218 USA
Citazione:
K.W. Sockman e H. Schwabl, "Covariation of clutch size, laying date, and incubation tendency in the American Kestrel", CONDOR, 103(3), 2001, pp. 570-578

Abstract

Seasonal decline in clutch size is common in birds, but the proximate mechanisms for this phenomenon have not been elucidated. The most credible model to date posits that late-laying females lay fewer eggs clue to a seasonalincrease in the tendency to incubate during laying, which inhibits egg production. We tested this model with free-living and laboratory American Kestrels (Falco sparverius) by quantifying changes in clutch size and incubation tendency during laying over the course of the breeding phase. Consistent with the model, clutch size in free-living kestrels decreased while incubation increased with progress of the 74-day breeding phase. Inconsistent withthe model, variation in incubation tendency during laying was not associated with clutch size in either the field or the laboratory. In the laboratory, incubation increased but clutch size did not decrease over the course ofthe 77-day breeding phase. In the laboratory, females that nested early inone breeding phase renested more quickly and nested in a second breeding phase more quickly than females nesting late in the first breeding phase. This indicates that timing of laying is, in part, a property of individual females, independent of environmental factors. Together, our findings suggestthat both clutch size and timing of laying are inherent, correlated properties of particular females. Although incubation tendency may influence clutch size, other factors appear to override its influence.

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Documento generato il 04/12/20 alle ore 03:55:16