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Titolo:
Emotion in criminal offenders with psychopathy and borderline personality disorder
Autore:
Herpertz, SC; Werth, U; Lukas, G; Qunaibi, M; Schuerkens, A; Kunert, HJ; Freese, R; Flesch, M; Mueller-Isberner, R; Osterheider, M; Sass, H;
Indirizzi:
Rhein Westfal TH Aachen, Dept Psychiat & Psychotherapy, Fac Med, Rhein Westfal TH Aachen, D-52057 Aachen, Germany Rhein Westfal TH Aachen Aachen Germany D-52057 , D-52057 Aachen, Germany Haina Forens Psychiat Hosp, Haina, Germany Haina Forens Psychiat Hosp Haina Germany Psychiat Hosp, Haina, Germany Westphalian Ctr Forens Psychiat, Lippstadt, Germany Westphalian Ctr ForensPsychiat Lippstadt Germany t, Lippstadt, Germany
Titolo Testata:
ARCHIVES OF GENERAL PSYCHIATRY
fascicolo: 8, volume: 58, anno: 2001,
pagine: 737 - 745
SICI:
0003-990X(200108)58:8<737:EICOWP>2.0.ZU;2-F
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
STARTLE REFLEX; BEHAVIOR;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
45
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Herpertz, SC Rhein Westfal TH Aachen, Dept Psychiat & Psychotherapy, Fac Med, Rhein Westfal TH Aachen, Pauwelsstr 30, D-52057 Aachen, Germany Rhein Westfal TH Aachen Pauwelsstr 30 Aachen Germany D-52057
Citazione:
S.C. Herpertz et al., "Emotion in criminal offenders with psychopathy and borderline personality disorder", ARCH G PSYC, 58(8), 2001, pp. 737-745

Abstract

Background: Criminal offenders with a diagnosis of psychopathy or borderline personality disorder (BPD) share an impulsive nature but tend to differ in their style of emotional response. This study aims to use multiple psychophysiologic measures to compare emotional responses to unpleasant and pleasant stimuli. Methods: Twenty-five psychopaths as defined by the Hare Psychopathy Checklist and 18 subjects with BPD from 2 high-security forensic treatment facilities were included in the study along with 24 control subjects. Electrodermal response was used as an indicator of emotional arousal, modulation of the startle reflex as a measure of valence, and electromyographic activity ofthe corrugator muscle as an index of emotional expression. Results: Compared with controls, psychopaths were characterized by decreased electrodermal responsiveness, less facial expression, and the absence ofaffective startle modulation. A higher percentage of psychopaths showed nostartle reflex. Subjects with BPD showed a response pattern very similar to that of controls, ie, they showed comparable autonomic arousal, and theirstartle responses were strongest to unpleasant slides and weakest to pleasant slides. However, corrugator electromyographic activity in subjects withBPD demonstrated little facial modulation when they viewed either pleasantor unpleasant slides. Conclusions: The results support the theory that psychopaths are characterized by a pronounced lack of fear in response to aversive events. Furthermore, the results suggest a general deficit in processing affective information, regardless of whether stimuli are negative or positive. Emotional hyporesponsiveness was specific to psychopaths, since results for offenders withBPD indicate a widely adequate processing of emotional stimuli.

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Documento generato il 22/01/20 alle ore 09:25:48