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Titolo:
Ten-year changes in smoking among young adults: Are racial differences explained by socioeconomic factors in the CARDIA study?
Autore:
Kiefe, CI; Williams, OD; Lewis, CE; Allison, JJ; Sekar, P; Wagenknecht, LE;
Indirizzi:
Univ Alabama, Dept Med, Birmingham, AL 35205 USA Univ Alabama Birmingham AL USA 35205 , Dept Med, Birmingham, AL 35205 USA Wake Forest Univ, Dept Publ Hlth Sci, Sch Med, Winston Salem, NC 27109 USAWake Forest Univ Winston Salem NC USA 27109 , Winston Salem, NC 27109 USA
Titolo Testata:
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH
fascicolo: 2, volume: 91, anno: 2001,
pagine: 213 - 218
SICI:
0090-0036(200102)91:2<213:TCISAY>2.0.ZU;2-9
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
FACTOR INTERVENTION TRIAL; SERUM COTININE LEVELS; CIGARETTE-SMOKING; CARDIOVASCULAR-DISEASE; ETHNIC-DIFFERENCES; AFRICAN-AMERICANS; MORTALITY RISK; UNITED-STATES; WHITE MEN; HEALTH;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
43
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Kiefe, CI Univ Alabama, Dept Med, 1717 11th Ave S,Mt 700, Birmingham, AL 35205 USA Univ Alabama 1717 11th Ave S,Mt 700 Birmingham AL USA 35205 USA
Citazione:
C.I. Kiefe et al., "Ten-year changes in smoking among young adults: Are racial differences explained by socioeconomic factors in the CARDIA study?", AM J PUB HE, 91(2), 2001, pp. 213-218

Abstract

Objectives. This study investigated whether socioeconomic factors explain racial/ethnic differences in regular smoking initiation and cessation. Methods. Data were derived from the CARDIA study, a cohort of 5115 healthyadults aged 18 to 30 years at baseline (1985-1986) and recruited from the populations of 4 US cities. Respondents were followed over 10 years. Results. Among 3950 respondents reexamined in 1995-1996, 20% of Whites and33% of African Americans were smokers, as compared with 25% and 32%, respectively, in 1985-1986. On average, African Americans were of lower socioeconomic status. Ten-year regular smoking initiation rates for African American women, White women, African American men, and White men were 7.1%, 3.5%,13.2%, and 5.1%, respectively, and the corresponding cessation rates were 25%,35.1%,19.2%, and 31.3%. After adjustment for socioeconomic factors, most 95% confidence intervals of the odds ratios for regular smoking initiation and cessation in African Americans vs Whites included I. Conclusions. Less beneficial 10-year changes in smoking were observed in African Americans, but socioeconomic factors explained most of the racial disparity.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 06/07/20 alle ore 06:56:26