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Titolo:
A meta-analytic examination of basal cardiovascular activity in posttraumatic stress disorder
Autore:
Buckley, TC; Kaloupek, DG;
Indirizzi:
Boston VAMC, Natl Ctr PTSD, Behav Sci Div, Boston, MA USA Boston VAMC Boston MA USA , Natl Ctr PTSD, Behav Sci Div, Boston, MA USA Boston Univ, Sch Med, Boston, MA 02118 USA Boston Univ Boston MA USA 02118 oston Univ, Sch Med, Boston, MA 02118 USA
Titolo Testata:
PSYCHOSOMATIC MEDICINE
fascicolo: 4, volume: 63, anno: 2001,
pagine: 585 - 594
SICI:
0033-3174(200107/08)63:4<585:AMEOBC>2.0.ZU;2-L
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
VIETNAM COMBAT VETERANS; CORONARY HEART-DISEASE; PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT; BLOOD-PRESSURE; PHYSIOLOGICAL-RESPONSES; PLASMA NOREPINEPHRINE; CARDIAC RESPONSE; RELEVANT STIMULI; STARTLING TONES; LOUD TONES;
Keywords:
posttraumatic stress disorder; cardiovascular; heart rate; blood pressure;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
72
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Buckley, TC VA Boston Healthcare Syst, Natl Ctr PTSD 116B2, 150 S Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02131 USA VA Boston Healthcare Syst 150 S Huntington AveBoston MA USA 02131
Citazione:
T.C. Buckley e D.G. Kaloupek, "A meta-analytic examination of basal cardiovascular activity in posttraumatic stress disorder", PSYCHOS MED, 63(4), 2001, pp. 585-594

Abstract

Objective: The objective of this meta-analytic study was to determine whether individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have higher levels of basal cardiovascular activity relative to comparable groups of individuals without PTSD. Methods: Meta-analytic data methods were applied to 34 studies that gathered indicators of basal cardiovascular activity including:heart rate (HR), systolic blood pressure, and diastolic blood pressure on subjects diagnosed with PTSD and two types of comparison groups. In total, cardiovascular measures were analyzed for 2670 subjects across all studies. Results: Results indicate that individuals with a current PTSD diagnosis have higher resting HR relative to both trauma-exposed individuals without aPTSD diagnosis and non-trauma-exposed individuals. The results also suggest that PTSD is associated with elevations in blood pressure; however, the effect sizes were smaller in magnitude than those obtained for heart rate. Asubset analysis revealed that the effect sizes for comparisons on basal HRwere greatest in studies with the most chronic PTSD samples. Conclusion: The meta-analysis supports previous qualitative reviews, finding a positive association between PTSD and basal cardiovascular activity. The discussion addresses possible mechanisms of action and the health-related implicationsof these findings.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 06/06/20 alle ore 11:15:48