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Titolo:
Psychotropic medication in children: A study from the Netherlands
Autore:
Schirm, E; Tobi, H; Zito, JM; de Jong-van den Berg, LTW;
Indirizzi:
Univ Groningen, Ctr Pharm, Sect Social Pharm & Pharmacoepidemiol, GUIDE, NL-9713 AV Groningen, Netherlands Univ Groningen Groningen Netherlands NL-9713 AV V Groningen, Netherlands Univ Maryland, Baltimore, MD 21201 USA Univ Maryland Baltimore MD USA 21201 iv Maryland, Baltimore, MD 21201 USA InterAct Working Grp, No Netherlands, Netherlands InterAct Working Grp NoNetherlands Netherlands etherlands, Netherlands
Titolo Testata:
PEDIATRICS
fascicolo: 2, volume: 108, anno: 2001,
pagine: NIL_30 - NIL_33
SICI:
0031-4005(200108)108:2<NIL_30:PMICAS>2.0.ZU;2-M
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
DISORDER;
Keywords:
child; pediatrics; psychotropic drugs; drug utilization study; pharmacoepidemiology;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
20
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: de Jong-van den Berg, LTW Univ Groningen, Ctr Pharm, Sect Social Pharm & Pharmacoepidemiol, GUIDE, Antonius Deusinglaan 1, NL-9713 AV Groningen, Netherlands Univ Groningen Antonius Deusinglaan 1 Groningen Netherlands NL-9713 AV
Citazione:
E. Schirm et al., "Psychotropic medication in children: A study from the Netherlands", PEDIATRICS, 108(2), 2001, pp. NIL_30-NIL_33

Abstract

Objective. Although there is a global concern about the increased use of psychotropic agents in children, most research literature originates in the United States and is based on figures from the first half of the 1990s. Also, few studies document the use of various types of psychotropic agents. The objective of this study was to investigate the use of psychotropic medication in children in the Netherlands and to determine whether this corresponds with previously reported figures from the United States. Methods. A drug utilization study based on computerized pharmacy dispensing records was conducted from 1995 to 1999 for children aged 0 to 19 years in the north of the Netherlands. Results. Stimulants were the most widely used psychotropic agents among 0-to 19-year-olds (prevalence: 7.4/1000 in 1999), followed by hypnotics/anxiolytics (6.9/1000) and antidepressants (4.4/1000). Prevalence rates of stimulants increased from 1.5/1000 in 1995 to 7.4/1000 in 1999. Incidence rates, proportion of girls, and duration of stimulant treatment increased as well. Changes in prevalence rates of other psychotropic agents were much smaller than those of stimulants. Finally, the vast majority of children who were treated with psychotropic agents used only 1 agent at a time. Conclusion. The prevalence of stimulant use in the Netherlands is much lower than reported previously (28/1000 children in 1995) from the United States, and differences also existed with regard to the use of other psychotropic agents and combinations of psychotropic agents. However, the increase inDutch stimulant use agrees with the previously reported 2.5-fold increase in the United States and shows that the increased use of stimulants is not limited to the United States.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 20/01/20 alle ore 22:06:02