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Titolo:
Prevalence of HIV-1 and oral lesions in pregnant women in rural Malawi
Autore:
Muzyka, BC; Kamwendo, L; Mbweza, E; Lopez, NB; Glick, M; Matheson, PB; Kershbaumer, R; Nyrienda, T; Malamud, D; Constantine, NT; Thompson, J; Nyasulu, Y; Saville, R; Berthold, P;
Indirizzi:
Univ Penn, Sch Dent Med, WHO Collaborating Ctr Oral Infect Dis, Philadelphia, PA 19104 USA Univ Penn Philadelphia PA USA 19104 nfect Dis, Philadelphia, PA 19104 USA Univ Penn, Sch Nursing, WHO Collaborating Ctr Nursing Midwifery, Philadelphia, PA 19104 USA Univ Penn Philadelphia PA USA 19104 Midwifery, Philadelphia, PA 19104 USA Louisiana State Univ, Sch Dent, New Orleans, LA USA Louisiana State Univ New Orleans LA USA v, Sch Dent, New Orleans, LA USA Univ Maryland, Sch Med, Baltimore, MD 21201 USA Univ Maryland Baltimore MD USA 21201 nd, Sch Med, Baltimore, MD 21201 USA Univ Med & Dent New Jersey, Newark, NJ 07103 USA Univ Med & Dent New Jersey Newark NJ USA 07103 rsey, Newark, NJ 07103 USA Univ Malawi Kamuzu, Coll Nursing, Blantyre, Malawi Univ Malawi Kamuzu Blantyre Malawi muzu, Coll Nursing, Blantyre, Malawi Lilongwe Cent Hosp, Dept Dent, Lilongwe, Malawi Lilongwe Cent Hosp Lilongwe Malawi nt Hosp, Dept Dent, Lilongwe, Malawi
Titolo Testata:
ORAL SURGERY ORAL MEDICINE ORAL PATHOLOGY ORAL RADIOLOGY AND ENDODONTICS
fascicolo: 1, volume: 92, anno: 2001,
pagine: 56 - 61
SICI:
1079-2104(200107)92:1<56:POHAOL>2.0.ZU;2-P
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
SEXUALLY-TRANSMITTED DISEASES; IMMUNE SUPPRESSION; URBAN MALAWI; INFECTION; MANIFESTATIONS; SALIVA; EPIDEMIOLOGY; DIAGNOSIS; TANZANIA; ACCURATE;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
36
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Berthold, P Univ Penn, Sch Dent Med, WHO Collaborating Ctr Oral Infect Dis, 4001 Spruce St, Philadelphia, PA 19104 USA Univ Penn 4001 Spruce St Philadelphia PA USA 19104 A 19104 USA
Citazione:
B.C. Muzyka et al., "Prevalence of HIV-1 and oral lesions in pregnant women in rural Malawi", ORAL SURG O, 92(1), 2001, pp. 56-61

Abstract

Objective. Whether oral lesions were associated with human immunodeficiency virus-type 1 (HIV-1) status in a cohort of pregnant Malawian women was studied. Study design. Six hundred thirty-eight women participated in a randomized prospective study at 3 prenatal clinics in a rural area of southern Malawi. Oral examinations, followed by collection of oral fluid specimens with in HIV-1 oral specimen collection device, were performed. The specimens were tested for antibodies against HIV-1. Results. Sixty-one oral lesions were found in 60 participants. While traditional HIV-1 associated lesions were rare, benign migratory glossitis was unexpectedly common (6%). Oral hairy leukoplakia was significantly more common among women who were HIV-1 positive than among women who were HIV-1 negative. An HIV-1 prevalence rate of 21.8% was estimated among the women, withthe highest rate of HIV-1 infection (34.1%) among women aged 25 to 29 years. Conclusion. Stratifying lesions showed a small number of oral hairy leukoplakia to be markers for HIV-1. A high seroprevalence was found in this rural cohort, but there were unexpectedly few oral lesions. The relatively few oral lesions diagnosed may indicate a recent infection with HIV.

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Documento generato il 31/03/20 alle ore 07:51:42