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Titolo:
Recent improvements in outcome for elderly patients with de novo acute myeloblastic leukemia
Autore:
Lopez, A; de la Rubia, J; Martin, G; Martinez, J; Cervera, J; Jarque, I; Sempere, A; Plume, G; Saavedra, S; Regadera, A; Sanz, G; Gomis, F; Perez-Sirvent, ML; Senent, L; Jimenez, C; Sanz, MA;
Indirizzi:
Univ Hosp La Fe, Dept Hematol, Valencia 46009, Spain Univ Hosp La Fe Valencia Spain 46009 Dept Hematol, Valencia 46009, Spain
Titolo Testata:
LEUKEMIA RESEARCH
fascicolo: 8, volume: 25, anno: 2001,
pagine: 685 - 692
SICI:
0145-2126(200108)25:8<685:RIIOFE>2.0.ZU;2-9
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
ACUTE MYELOID-LEUKEMIA; ACUTE PROMYELOCYTIC LEUKEMIA; ACUTE MYELOGENOUS LEUKEMIA; ACUTE NONLYMPHOCYTIC LEUKEMIA; TREATMENT-OF-CANCER; PROGNOSTIC FACTORS; PHASE-III; CONSECUTIVE PATIENTS; REMISSION INDUCTION; TRANSRETINOIC ACID;
Keywords:
acute myeloid leukemia; elderly patients; treatment; prognosis;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
37
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Sanz, MA Univ Hosp La Fe, Dept Hematol, Avda Campanar 21, Valencia 46009, Spain Univ Hosp La Fe Avda Campanar 21 Valencia Spain 46009 009, Spain
Citazione:
A. Lopez et al., "Recent improvements in outcome for elderly patients with de novo acute myeloblastic leukemia", LEUK RES, 25(8), 2001, pp. 685-692

Abstract

A retrospective analysis was performed on 263 consecutive patients aged over 60 with de novo acute myeloid leukemia (AML) diagnosed in a single institution between 1979 and 1998. Eighty-nine patients (33%) received only palliative treatment, while 174 patients (67%) were treated with different intensive chemotherapy regimens. The 5- and 10-year overall survival (OS) for the whole series was 7.7 +/-1.2 and 4.3 +/-1.6%, respectively. For patients receiving chemotherapy, OS was 10.5 +/-2.5 and 7 +/-2.6%, while for those patients receiving supportive treatment it was 1.1 +/-1.1 and 0%, respectively (P = 0.002). Within the group of patients receiving chemotherapy, the complete remission (CR) rate was 46%; treatment failure rate was 54% (36% dueto treatment-related mortality and 18% due to resistant disease). Variables influencing CR rate were FAB subtype, CD7 positivity, chemotherapy regimen, creatinine, level, hepatomegaly, and period of diagnosis. Median disease-free survival (DFS) duration was 8.4 months with a probability of being disease-free at 10 years of 10 +/-5%. There were no significant differences in DFS according to age. According to the period of diagnosis (1979-1986 vs.1987-1998), improvements in the CR rate (27 vs. 56%, P = 0.0002), and OS (10.9 vs. 15.7 months, P = 0.0007) were observed. This large single-center study of unselected de novo AML elderly patients substantiates the progressive improvement achieved in the management of elderly patients with AML, probably due to an improvement in supportive care and the administration of conventional induction chemotherapy. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 29/10/20 alle ore 20:57:13