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Titolo:
Male facial attractiveness - Evidence for hormone-mediated adaptive design
Autore:
Johnston, VS; Hagel, R; Franklin, M; Fink, B; Grammer, K;
Indirizzi:
New Mexico State Univ, Dept Psychol, Las Cruces, NM 88003 USA New Mexico State Univ Las Cruces NM USA 88003 l, Las Cruces, NM 88003 USA Univ New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131 USA Univ New Mexico Albuquerque NMUSA 87131 exico, Albuquerque, NM 87131 USA Ludwig Boltzmann Inst Urban Ethol Vienna, Vienna, Austria Ludwig BoltzmannInst Urban Ethol Vienna Vienna Austria Vienna, Austria
Titolo Testata:
EVOLUTION AND HUMAN BEHAVIOR
fascicolo: 4, volume: 22, anno: 2001,
pagine: 251 - 267
SICI:
1090-5138(200107)22:4<251:MFA-EF>2.0.ZU;2-I
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
FLUCTUATING ASYMMETRY; PHYSICAL ATTRACTIVENESS; SEXUAL SELECTION; MENSTRUAL-CYCLE; SYMMETRY; FACES; BEAUTY; PERCEPTION; AVERAGENESS; PREFERENCE;
Keywords:
facial attractiveness; sexual selection; mate choice; menstrual cycle; hormones;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Agriculture,Biology & Environmental Sciences
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
60
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Johnston, VS New Mexico State Univ, Dept Psychol, Las Cruces, NM 88003 USANew Mexico State Univ Las Cruces NM USA 88003 , NM 88003 USA
Citazione:
V.S. Johnston et al., "Male facial attractiveness - Evidence for hormone-mediated adaptive design", EVOL HUM BE, 22(4), 2001, pp. 251-267

Abstract

Experimenters examining male facial attractiveness have concluded that theattractive male face is (1) an average male face, (2) a masculinized male face, or (3) a feminized male face. Others have proposed that symmetry, hormone markers, and the menstrual phase of the observer are important variables that influence male attractiveness. This study was designed to resolve these issues by examining the facial preferences of 42 female volunteers at two different phases of their menstrual cycle. Preferences were measured using a 40-s QuickTime movie (1200 frames) that was designed to systematically modify a facial image from an extreme male to an extreme female configuration. The results indicate that females exhibit (1) a preference for a maleface on the masculine side of average, (2) a shift toward a more masculinemale face preference during the high-risk phase of their menstrual cycle, and (3) no shift in other facial preferences. An examination of individual differences revealed that women who scored low on a "masculinity" test (1) showed a larger menstrual shift, (2) had lower self-esteem, and (3) differed in their choice of male faces for dominance and short-term mates. The results are interpreted as support for a hormonal theory of facial attractiveness whereby perceived beauty depends on an interaction between displayed hormone markers and the hormonal state of the viewer. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science Inc. All rights reserved.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 31/03/20 alle ore 22:41:59