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Titolo:
The native bee fauna of Carlinville, Illinois, revisited after 75 years: acase for persistence
Autore:
Marlin, JC; LaBerge, WE;
Indirizzi:
Waste Management & Res Ctr, Illinois Dept Nat Resources, Champaign, IL 61820 USA Waste Management & Res Ctr Champaign IL USA 61820 Champaign, IL 61820 USA
Titolo Testata:
CONSERVATION ECOLOGY
fascicolo: 1, volume: 5, anno: 2001,
pagine: NIL_91 - NIL_116
SICI:
1195-5449(200106)5:1<NIL_91:TNBFOC>2.0.ZU;2-4
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Keywords:
Apoidea; Carlinville (Illinois); Hymenoptera; Robertson (Charles); agricultural habitats; bees; biodiversity; conservation; faunal survey; historical ecology; land use changes; pollinators;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Agriculture,Biology & Environmental Sciences
Citazioni:
24
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Marlin, JC Waste Management & Res Ctr, Illinois Dept Nat Resources, 1 E Hazelwood Dr,Champaign, IL 61820 USA Waste Management & Res Ctr 1 E HazelwoodDr Champaign IL USA 61820
Citazione:
J.C. Marlin e W.E. LaBerge, "The native bee fauna of Carlinville, Illinois, revisited after 75 years: acase for persistence", CONSERV ECO, 5(1), 2001, pp. NIL_91-NIL_116

Abstract

As a follow-up to the observations of Charles Robertson from 1884 to 1916,we revisited the Carlinville, Illinois, area between 18 August 1970 and 13September 1972 to sample and identify bee species (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). We concentrated on collecting nonparasitic bees (and excluded Apis and Bombus) visiting 24 plant species that bloomed at various times of the year, and upon which Charles Robertson found many bee species. For example, we collected most intensively on spring-blooming Claytonia virginica and fall-blooming Aster pilosus, upon which Robertson reported 58 and 90 bee visitors, respectively. Bees were also collected on an opportunistic basis at some other plants. We updated the species names used by Robertson for revisions andsynonymies. This paper summarizes a comparison of the two collections, made about 75 years apart at the same small geographic location. The study considers 214 valid bee species that Robertson collected plus anadditional 14 species found by us but not by Robertson. Of these 214, we collected 140 species. The absence of most of the remaining 74 species that we did not collect can be explained by examining their plant preferences. Robertson did not record 47 of these 74 species on the 24 plant species where we collected intensively, and he observed 19 more species on only one or two of the 24 plant species. Additionally, he observed 21 of them on only one of the 441 plants he studied. Of the bee species found by Robertson on the 24 plant species, we collected 82% on the same plant species. The land uses and land cover on Macoupin County's 225,464 ha. (558,080 acres), which bear directly on the type and availability of habitat for bees and their host plants, varied considerably over two centuries. For example, in the early 1800s, land cover was about 73% prairie and 27% forest. The estimated 59,792 ha (148,000 acres) of forested land in 1820 diminished to 24,644 ha (61,000 acres) by 1924. It then grew to 34,340 ha (85,000 acres) by1962. Agriculture is the predominant land use; in 1967, 59 of the land wasin harvested crops (primarily row crops) and 15% was in pasture. Despite habitat changes and the passage of 75 years, our 1970 and 1972 Carlinville collections show a high degree of similarity with those of Robertson, possibly because diverse habitats within the agricultural matrix contained the host plants and nesting sites required by the bees. We recommend that a thirdsurvey of this area be undertaken as part of a long-term study made possible by the meticulous 19th century records of Charles Robertson, which must be preserved.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 30/03/20 alle ore 19:25:14