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Titolo:
Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of methadone enantiomers after a single oral dose of racemate
Autore:
Boulton, DW; Arnaud, P; DeVane, CL;
Indirizzi:
Med Univ S Carolina, Dept Psychiat & Behav Sci, Lab Drug Disposit & Pharmacogenet, Charleston, SC 29425 USA Med Univ S Carolina Charleston SC USA 29425 net, Charleston, SC 29425 USA Med Univ S Carolina, Dept Microbiol & Immunol, Charleston, SC 29425 USA Med Univ S Carolina Charleston SC USA 29425 nol, Charleston, SC 29425 USA
Titolo Testata:
CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY & THERAPEUTICS
fascicolo: 1, volume: 70, anno: 2001,
pagine: 48 - 57
SICI:
0009-9236(200107)70:1<48:PAPOME>2.0.ZU;2-H
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
PERFORMANCE LIQUID-CHROMATOGRAPHY; HUMAN LIVER-MICROSOMES; INTERINDIVIDUAL VARIABILITY; ALPHA-1-ACID GLYCOPROTEIN; MAINTENANCE TREATMENT; CYTOCHROME-P450 3A4; ADAPTIVE-CHANGES; N-DEMETHYLATION; P-GLYCOPROTEIN; OPIATE USERS;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
40
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: DeVane, CL Med Univ S Carolina, Dept Psychiat & Behav Sci, Lab Drug Disposit & Pharmacogenet, 67 President St,POB 250861, Charleston, SC 29425 USA Med Univ S Carolina 67 President St,POB 250861 Charleston SC USA 29425
Citazione:
D.W. Boulton et al., "Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of methadone enantiomers after a single oral dose of racemate", CLIN PHARM, 70(1), 2001, pp. 48-57

Abstract

Background: The pharmacokinetics and dynamics of methadone are characterized by high interindividual variability. This study aimed to examine a number of factors that may contribute to this variability. Methods: Eight healthy drug-free women were administered 0.2 mg/kg of R,S-methadone orally. The con centrations of methadone's enantiomers in plasma and urine were monitored for 96 hours. Vital signs, blood biochemical parameters, and pupillary diameter were monitored frequently during this period. Cytochrome P450 3A (CY-P3A) activity and alpha (1)-acid glycoprotein (alpha (1)-AGP) concentrations and phenotypes were determined. Pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic modeling was used to assess the influence of the above-mentioned covariables on methadone enantiomer disposition and actions. Results: The pharmacokinetic profile of the active enantiomer of methadone, R-methadone, showed a relatively normal distribution with 38% to 90% of the interindividual variability in modeled pharmacokinetic parameters being explained by their individual variability in CYP3A activity, the cumulativeamount of the main CYP3A4 metabolite, 2-ethylidene-1,5-dimethyl-3,3-diphenylpyrolidine, excreted in the urine, the fraction unbound in plasma, and the alpha (1)-AGP orosomucoid 2 (ORM2) variant plasma concentration. S-Methadone showed an idiosyncratic distribution with largely unpredictable pharmacokinetics. Pupillary constriction response was highly variable between individuals. Conclusions: The disposition of the active enantiomer, R-methadone, ran bepredicted in part by CYP3A activity and protein binding to alpha (1)-AGP (ORM2), whereas S-methadone disposition is not well explained by the factorsexamined in this study. Central nervous system effects were difficult to interpret on the basis of plasma R-methadone pharmacokinetics.

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Documento generato il 25/01/20 alle ore 06:25:16