Catalogo Articoli (Spogli Riviste)

OPAC HELP

Titolo:
Psychophysiology of arterial baroreceptors and the etiology of hypertension
Autore:
Rau, H; Elbert, T;
Indirizzi:
Hosp GILEAD, Dept Psychiat, D-33617 Bielefeld, Germany Hosp GILEAD Bielefeld Germany D-33617 ychiat, D-33617 Bielefeld, Germany Univ Konstanz, Dept Clin Psychol, D-78457 Constance, Germany Univ Konstanz Constance Germany D-78457 chol, D-78457 Constance, Germany
Titolo Testata:
BIOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY
fascicolo: 1-3, volume: 57, anno: 2001,
pagine: 179 - 201
SICI:
0301-0511(200107/08)57:1-3<179:POABAT>2.0.ZU;2-C
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
PAIN PERCEPTION; BLOOD-PRESSURE; CAROTID BARORECEPTORS; STIMULATION; ACTIVATION; HUMANS; SENSITIVITY; NORMOTENSIVES; RESPONSES; REFLEXES;
Keywords:
baroreceptors; learned hypertension; PRES; pain; blood pressure;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
59
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Rau, H Hosp GILEAD, Dept Psychiat, Remterweg 69-71, D-33617 Bielefeld, Germany Hosp GILEAD Remterweg 69-71 Bielefeld Germany D-33617 eld, Germany
Citazione:
H. Rau e T. Elbert, "Psychophysiology of arterial baroreceptors and the etiology of hypertension", BIOL PSYCH, 57(1-3), 2001, pp. 179-201

Abstract

Arterial baroreceptors are sensitive to blood pressure dependent blood vessel dilation. They play a key role in the short term regulation of blood pressure. Their impact on psychological and psychophysiological aspects is ofincreasing interest. The review focuses on experimental techniques for thecontrolled baroreceptor manipulation. Results from the application of these techniques show that baroreceptor activation influences the cardiovascular system as well as central nervous functioning: Behavioral and electrophysiological measures of arousal, low level reflexes and pain responses are modulated through baroreceptor manipulation. The observation of an overall dampening ('barbiturate like') effect of baroreceptor activity led Dworkin etal. formulate the theory of learned hypertension: Subjects might experience blood pressure dependent baroreceptor activation as stress and pain relieving. High blood pressure periods become negatively reinforced. Phasic hi.-h blood pressure might develop as a coping strategy. Data from a longitudinal human study supporting this theory are reported. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 11/07/20 alle ore 20:47:35