Catalogo Articoli (Spogli Riviste)

OPAC HELP

Titolo:
Participation of residue F-552 in domain III of the protective antigen in the biological activity of anthrax lethal toxin
Autore:
Khanna, H; Gupta, PK; Singh, A; Chandra, R; Singh, Y;
Indirizzi:
Ctr Biochem Technol, Delhi 110007, India Ctr Biochem Technol Delhi India110007 chem Technol, Delhi 110007, India Univ Delhi, Dr BR Ambedkar Ctr Biomed Res, Delhi 110007, India Univ DelhiDelhi India 110007 bedkar Ctr Biomed Res, Delhi 110007, India
Titolo Testata:
BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY
fascicolo: 6, volume: 382, anno: 2001,
pagine: 941 - 946
SICI:
1431-6730(200106)382:6<941:PORFID>2.0.ZU;2-K
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
RECEPTOR-BINDING; MAMMALIAN-CELLS; FACTOR CLEAVES; TRANSLOCATION; MACROPHAGES;
Keywords:
anthrax toxin; Bacillus anthracis; lethal factor; oligomer; translocation;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
18
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Singh, Y Ctr Biochem Technol, Mall Rd, Delhi 110007, India Ctr Biochem Technol Mall Rd Delhi India 110007 lhi 110007, India
Citazione:
H. Khanna et al., "Participation of residue F-552 in domain III of the protective antigen in the biological activity of anthrax lethal toxin", BIOL CHEM, 382(6), 2001, pp. 941-946

Abstract

The protective antigen (PA) component of anthrax toxin translocates the catalytic moieties lethal factor (LF) and edema factor (EF) into the cytosol. The proteolytically activated 63 kDa form of PA (PA63) has the ability to oligomerize and bind LF/EF. PA has four distinct domains performing specialized functions; whereas the function of domains I, II and IV has been well characterized, domain III has no known role in the biological activity of PA. Here we report the role of amino acid residues lining an exposed hydrophobic patch of domain III in the biological activity of PA. The residues Phe(552), Phe(554), Ile(562), Leu(566) and Ile(574) were individually substituted with alanine and the effect was studied. All mutant PA proteins except Phe552Ala were equally active as wild-type PA in exhibiting a toxic phenotype to J774A.1 cells in the presence of LF. Substitution of Ala for Phe(552)reduced the ability of PA to intoxicate cells by more than 250-fold. However, Phe552Ala was equally active in receptor binding and susceptibility to trypsin and chymotrypsin as wild-type PA, the activities that have been shown to be essential for the biological activity of PA. This mutated PA protein had a decreased ability to bind LF, oligomerize on cells and to induce release of Rb-86(+) from Chinese hamster ovary cells. These results suggest that the residue Phe(552) in PA plays an important role in LF binding and oligomerization. Our study provides a basis for further exploration of the biological significance of domain III of PA.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 26/01/20 alle ore 10:13:36