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Titolo:
Neuropsychological performance deficits in adults with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder
Autore:
Johnson, DE; Epstein, JN; Waid, LR; Latham, PK; Voronin, KE; Anton, RF;
Indirizzi:
Duke Univ, Med Ctr, Dept Psychiat, Attent Deficit Disorder Program, Durham, NC 27710 USA Duke Univ Durham NC USA 27710 icit Disorder Program, Durham, NC 27710 USA Med Univ S Carolina, Dept Psychiat & Behav Sci, Ctr Drug & Alchol Programs, Charleston, SC 29425 USA Med Univ S Carolina Charleston SC USA 29425 ams, Charleston, SC 29425 USA
Titolo Testata:
ARCHIVES OF CLINICAL NEUROPSYCHOLOGY
fascicolo: 6, volume: 16, anno: 2001,
pagine: 587 - 604
SICI:
0887-6177(200108)16:6<587:NPDIAW>2.0.ZU;2-L
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
FRONTAL-LOBE DYSFUNCTION; HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER; QUANTITATIVE MORPHOLOGY; SUSTAINED ATTENTION; INHIBITORY CONTROL; CHILDREN; ADHD; METHYLPHENIDATE; PSYCHOPATHOLOGY; TASK;
Keywords:
attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder; neuropsychological functioning; frontal lobe dysfunction;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
57
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Johnson, DE Duke Univ, Med Ctr, Dept Psychiat, Attent Deficit Disorder Program, Box 3431, Durham, NC 27710 USA Duke Univ Box 3431 Durham NC USA 277101, Durham, NC 27710 USA
Citazione:
D.E. Johnson et al., "Neuropsychological performance deficits in adults with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder", ARCH CLIN N, 16(6), 2001, pp. 587-604

Abstract

Neuropsychological deficits in children diagnosed with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have been well documented utilizing various neuropsychological tests. Only recently has research begun to examine if similar deficits are present in adults with ADHD. A neuropsychological testing battery was constructed that assessed verbal learning and memory, psychomotor speed, and sustained attention - all demonstrated to be deficient in individuals with ADHD. Fifty-six self-referred nonmedicated adults with a DSM-IV diagnosis of ADHD and 38 normal comparison adults participated. ADHD adults demonstrated verbal and nonverbal memory deficits and decreased psychomotor speed compared to normal controls. Differences between ADHD and normaladults were not documented on traditional measures of executive functioning. A pattern of results emerged whereby ADHD adults' performance, particularly with regard to psychomotor speed, became more impaired as task complexity increased. This study's results largely corroborate similar neuropsychological testing results in ADHD children and recent ADHD adult findings, andsupport a frontal lobe dysfunction hypothesis of ADHD. (C) 2001 National Academy of Neuropsychology. Published by Elsevier Science Ltd.

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Documento generato il 23/01/20 alle ore 03:46:26