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Titolo:
Drinking patterns and beverage preferences of liver cirrhosis patients in Mexico
Autore:
Campollo, O; Martinez, MD; Valencia, JJ; Segura-Ortega, J;
Indirizzi:
Univ Guadalajara, Hosp Civil Guadalajara, Ctr Estudios Alcoholismo & Adicciones, Guadalajara 44430, Jalisco, Mexico Univ Guadalajara Guadalajara Jalisco Mexico 44430 44430, Jalisco, Mexico
Titolo Testata:
SUBSTANCE USE & MISUSE
fascicolo: 3, volume: 36, anno: 2001,
pagine: 387 - 398
SICI:
1082-6084(2001)36:3<387:DPABPO>2.0.ZU;2-F
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
DISEASE; EPIDEMIOLOGY;
Keywords:
alcohol; drinking pattern; tequila; cirrhosis; liver disease;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
16
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Campollo, O Apdo Postal 2-337, Guadalajara 44280, Jalisco, Mexico Apdo Postal 2-337 Guadalajara Jalisco Mexico 44280 co, Mexico
Citazione:
O. Campollo et al., "Drinking patterns and beverage preferences of liver cirrhosis patients in Mexico", SUBST USE M, 36(3), 2001, pp. 387-398

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the pattern of alcoholism in a special group of alcoholics (alcoholic cirrhotics) in a hospital-based population in west central Mexico and assess the role of regional spirits such as tequila. A complete alcohol drinking history and a structured questionnaire directed at investigating the pattern of alcohol consumption was applied to 124 adult patients with chronic liver disease caused by alcohol during January 1995 to January 1996. The mean age of onset was 27 +/-3 years in women and 18 +/-0.5 years in men. The mean alcohol intake per week was 749 +/- 192g for women and 1113 +/-151 g for men. On average, patients consumed alcohol for a mean of 24.5 years. The overall patient drinking preference was for tequila followed by 96degrees Gay Lusac (G.L.), alcohol, and beer. In a subset of 70 patients three phases of alcoholism could be identified (prealcoholic, critical, and chronic). Each phase had a mean duration of at least 11 years. Beer was the dominant beverage in the prealcoholic phase while tequila was consumed moreoften in the other phases. In the critical phase of alcoholism an average of 337 g of alcohol were consumed per week and in the chronic phase 1765 g/week. Tequila was the overall preferred beverage in this group of alcoholics. Other beverages included beer and straight alcohol with a clear trend from less to higher concentration of alcohol throughout the drinking history. Subtle gender differences in the patterns of alcoholism may be suspected. In this group of patients the role of tequila drinking is highlighted.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 02/04/20 alle ore 12:38:29