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Titolo:
Environmental context-dependent memory: A review and meta-analysis
Autore:
Smith, SM; Vela, E;
Indirizzi:
Texas A&M Univ, Dept Psychol, College Stn, TX 77843 USA Texas A&M Univ College Stn TX USA 77843 sychol, College Stn, TX 77843 USA Calif State Univ Los Angeles, Chico, CA 95929 USA Calif State Univ Los Angeles Chico CA USA 95929 eles, Chico, CA 95929 USA
Titolo Testata:
PSYCHONOMIC BULLETIN & REVIEW
fascicolo: 2, volume: 8, anno: 2001,
pagine: 203 - 220
SICI:
1069-9384(200106)8:2<203:ECMARA>2.0.ZU;2-Y
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
RECOGNITION MEMORY; EYEWITNESS IDENTIFICATION; ASSOCIATIVE MEMORY; RECALL; MODEL; ENHANCEMENT; FREQUENCY; COMPONENT; STIMULUS; VOICES;
Tipo documento:
Review
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
75
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Smith, SM Texas A&M Univ, Dept Psychol, College Stn, TX 77843 USA Texas A&M Univ College Stn TX USA 77843 llege Stn, TX 77843 USA
Citazione:
S.M. Smith e E. Vela, "Environmental context-dependent memory: A review and meta-analysis", PSYCHON B R, 8(2), 2001, pp. 203-220

Abstract

To address questions about human memory's dependence on the coincidental environmental contexts in which events occur, we review studies of incidental environmental context-dependent memory in humans and report a meta-analysis. Our theoretical approach to the issue stems from Glenberg's (1997) contention that introspective thought (e.g., remembering, conceptualizing) requires cognitive resources normally used to represent the immediate environment. We propose that if tasks encourage processing of noncontextual information (i.e., introspective thought) at input and/or at test, then both learning and memory will be less dependent on the ambient environmental contexts in which those activities occur. The meta-analysis showed that across all studies, environmental context effects were reliable, and furthermore, that the use of noncontextual cues during learning (overshadowing) and at test (outshining), as well as mental reinstatement of appropriate context cues attest, all reduce the effect of environmental manipulations. We conclude that environmental context-dependent memory effects are less likely to occur under conditions in which the immediate environment is likely to be suppressed.

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Documento generato il 13/08/20 alle ore 14:09:17