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Titolo:
Reliability of homeless women's reports - Concordance between hair assay and self report of cocaine use
Autore:
Nyamathi, A; Leake, B; Longshore, D; Gelberg, L;
Indirizzi:
Univ Calif Los Angeles, Sch Nursing, Los Angeles, CA 90095 USA Univ Calif Los Angeles Los Angeles CA USA 90095 Los Angeles, CA 90095 USA Univ Calif Los Angeles, Sch Med, Los Angeles, CA 90095 USA Univ Calif Los Angeles Los Angeles CA USA 90095 Los Angeles, CA 90095 USA Univ Calif Los Angeles, Inst Neuropsychiat, Los Angeles, CA 90095 USA UnivCalif Los Angeles Los Angeles CA USA 90095 Los Angeles, CA 90095 USA Univ Calif Los Angeles, Dept Family Med, Los Angeles, CA 90095 USA Univ Calif Los Angeles Los Angeles CA USA 90095 Los Angeles, CA 90095 USA
Titolo Testata:
NURSING RESEARCH
fascicolo: 3, volume: 50, anno: 2001,
pagine: 165 - 171
SICI:
0029-6562(200105/06)50:3<165:ROHWR->2.0.ZU;2-8
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
DRUG-USE; RISK BEHAVIORS; SUBSTANCE USE; VALIDITY; URINE; PREGNANCY; MARIJUANA; EXPOSURE; INMATES; COLOR;
Keywords:
drug abuse; homeless persons; reliability; women;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
28
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Nyamathi, A Univ Calif Los Angeles, Sch Nursing, Factor Bldg 2-250,Box 951702, Los Angeles, CA 90095 USA Univ Calif Los Angeles Factor Bldg 2-250,Box951702 Los Angeles CA USA 90095
Citazione:
A. Nyamathi et al., "Reliability of homeless women's reports - Concordance between hair assay and self report of cocaine use", NURS RES, 50(3), 2001, pp. 165-171

Abstract

Background: To assess the concordance of homeless women's self-reported drug use with objective data. Objective: To determine whether objective data (e.g., hair assays) are necessary supplements to self reports in assessing homeless women's cocaine use. Method: Self reports of cocaine use by 1,037 homeless women were compared to objective data based on radioimmunoassay of hair; independent correlatesof cocaine use and underreporting were assessed using logistic regression. Results: Forty-two percent of the women self-reported cocaine use in the past 6 months, whereas 49% had positive hair assays. Over 25% underreported cocaine use; however, underreporting decreased as hair cocaine levels increased. Predictors of underreporting included being Latino, younger and living primarily in shelters. Nevertheless, independent predictors of self-reported cocaine use and positive hair assays were identical. Conclusion: Homeless women's self-reports of cocaine use are fairly accurate. Objective data are particularly critical for assessing cocaine use among subgroups who are fearful of sanctions or use cocaine relatively infrequently or in smaller amounts.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 28/03/20 alle ore 22:58:06