Catalogo Articoli (Spogli Riviste)

OPAC HELP

Titolo:
Carotid endarterectomy; local or general anaesthesia?
Autore:
McCleary, AJ; Maritati, G; Gough, MJ;
Indirizzi:
Gen Infirm, Vasc Surg Unit, Leeds LS1 3EX, W Yorkshire, England Gen Infirm Leeds W Yorkshire England LS1 3EX S1 3EX, W Yorkshire, England
Titolo Testata:
EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF VASCULAR AND ENDOVASCULAR SURGERY
fascicolo: 1, volume: 22, anno: 2001,
pagine: 1 - 12
SICI:
1078-5884(200107)22:1<1:CELOGA>2.0.ZU;2-C
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
TRANSCRANIAL DOPPLER ULTRASONOGRAPHY; MIDDLE CEREBRAL-ARTERY; BLOOD-FLOW; MYOCARDIAL-ISCHEMIA; ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHIC CHANGES; REGIONAL ANESTHESIA; EPIDURAL-ANESTHESIA; PATCH ANGIOPLASTY; EVOKED-POTENTIALS; RANDOMIZED TRIAL;
Keywords:
local anaesthesia; general anaesthesia; carotid endarterectomy;
Tipo documento:
Review
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
98
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Gough, MJ Gen Infirm, Vasc Surg Unit, Great George St, Leeds LS1 3EX, W Yorkshire, England Gen Infirm Great George St Leeds W Yorkshire England LS1 3EX and
Citazione:
A.J. McCleary et al., "Carotid endarterectomy; local or general anaesthesia?", EUR J VAS E, 22(1), 2001, pp. 1-12

Abstract

Objectives: to review the evidence for theoretical and clinical benefits of local or general anaesthesia for carotid endarterectomy. Methods: literature review. Results: animal studies suggest cerebral protection by a variety of general anaesthetic agents but clinical evidence is lacking. There is some clinical evidence that normal cerebral protective reflexes are preserved with local anaesthesia. Shunt insertion is the most widely used method of providingcerebral protection with awake testing the most reliable monitoring technique for the identification of ischaemia. There are therefore theoretical arguments for a reduced risk of perioperative stroke when local anaesthesia is used and this is supported by a meta-analysis of non-randomised studies. Intraoperative blood pressure is always higher with local anaesthesia but the incidence of postoperative haemodynamic instability seems to be independent of anaesthetic technique. There is little evidence that myocardial ischaemia is more common with either anaesthetic technique but metanalysis of non-randomised again suggests fewer cardiac complications with local anaesthesia. Cranial nerve injury and haematoma formation may be less common with local anaethesia but the evidence is weak. There is no evidence that surgery is more difficult with local anaesthesia or that it is poorly tolerated by the patients. Conclusions: there are theoretical arguments and clinical evidence that the outcome from carotid endarterectomy may be better when local anaesthesia is used with no significant disadvantages. An appropriately designed randomised trial is required to confirm this.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 05/04/20 alle ore 03:27:57