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Titolo:
The contribution of cigarette smoking to bladder cancer in women (pooled European data)
Autore:
Brennan, P; Bogillot, O; Greiser, E; Chang-Claude, J; Wahrendorf, J; Cordier, S; Jockel, KH; Lopez-Abente, G; Tzonou, A; Vineis, P; Donato, F; Hours, M; Serra, C; Bolm-Audorff, U; Schill, W; Kogevinas, M; Boffetta, P;
Indirizzi:
Int Agcy Res Canc, Unit Environm Canc Epidemiol, F-69372 Lyon, France Int Agcy Res Canc Lyon France F-69372 nc Epidemiol, F-69372 Lyon, France Bremen Inst Prevent Res & Social Med, Bremen, Germany Bremen Inst Prevent Res & Social Med Bremen Germany ed, Bremen, Germany German Canc Res Ctr, D-6900 Heidelberg, Germany German Canc Res Ctr Heidelberg Germany D-6900 D-6900 Heidelberg, Germany Natl Inst Hlth & Med Res, Paris, France Natl Inst Hlth & Med Res Paris France nst Hlth & Med Res, Paris, France Inst Med Informat Biometry & Epidemiol, Essen, Germany Inst Med Informat Biometry & Epidemiol Essen Germany ol, Essen, Germany Natl Ctr Epidemiol, Canc Epidemiol Unit, Madrid, Spain Natl Ctr EpidemiolMadrid Spain iol, Canc Epidemiol Unit, Madrid, Spain Med Sch Athens, Dept Hyg & Epidemiol, Athens, Greece Med Sch Athens Athens Greece hens, Dept Hyg & Epidemiol, Athens, Greece Univ Turin, Canc Epidemiol Unit, Turin, Italy Univ Turin Turin ItalyUniv Turin, Canc Epidemiol Unit, Turin, Italy Univ Brescia, Inst Hyg, Brescia, Italy Univ Brescia Brescia ItalyUniv Brescia, Inst Hyg, Brescia, Italy Univ Lyon 1, Inst Epidemiol, F-69365 Lyon, France Univ Lyon 1 Lyon France F-69365 1, Inst Epidemiol, F-69365 Lyon, France Parc Tauli Fdn, Med Programs & Serv, Ctr Studies, Sabadell, Spain Parc Tauli Fdn Sabadell Spain rams & Serv, Ctr Studies, Sabadell, Spain Hesse Minist Women Employment & Social Affairs, Wiesbaden, Germany Hesse Minist Women Employment & Social Affairs Wiesbaden Germany ermany Inst Municipal Invest Med, E-08003 Barcelona, Spain Inst Municipal Invest Med Barcelona Spain E-08003 08003 Barcelona, Spain
Titolo Testata:
CANCER CAUSES & CONTROL
fascicolo: 5, volume: 12, anno: 2001,
pagine: 411 - 417
SICI:
0957-5243(200106)12:5<411:TCOCST>2.0.ZU;2-W
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
OCCUPATIONAL RISK-FACTORS; LOWER URINARY-TRACT; TOBACCO; SMOKERS; LUNG;
Keywords:
bladder cancer; meta-analysis; tobacco; women;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
24
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Brennan, P Int Agcy Res Canc, Unit Environm Canc Epidemiol, 150 Cours Albert Thomas, F-69372 Lyon, France Int Agcy Res Canc 150 Cours Albert Thomas Lyon France F-69372
Citazione:
P. Brennan et al., "The contribution of cigarette smoking to bladder cancer in women (pooled European data)", CANC CAUSE, 12(5), 2001, pp. 411-417

Abstract

Background: Using a combined analysis of 11 case-control studies from Europe, we have investigated the relationship between cigarette smoking and bladder cancer in women. Methods: Available smoking information on 685 female bladder cancer cases and 2416 female controls included duration of smoking habit, number of cigarettes smoked per day, and time since cessation of smoking habit for ex-smokers. Results: There was an increasing risk of bladder cancer with increasing duration of smoking, ranging from approximately a two-fold increased risk fora duration of less than 10 years (odds ratio (OR) = 1.9, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.1-3.1) to over a four-fold increased risk for a duration of greater than 40 years (OR = 4.1, 95% CI 3.0-5.5). A dose-response relationship was observed between number of cigarettes smoked per day and bladder cancer up to a threshold limit of 15-20 cigarettes per day, OR = 3.8 (95% CI 2.7-5.4), after which no increased risk was observed. An immediate decrease in risk of bladder cancer was observed for those who gave up smoking. This decrease was over 30% in the immediate 1-4 years after cessation, OR = 0.68(95% CI 0.38-1.2). However, even after 25 years the decrease in risk did not reach the level of the never-smokers, OR = 0.27 (95% CI 0.21-0.35). Conclusion: The proportion of bladder cancer cases among women attributable to ever smoking was 0.30, (0.25-0.35) and to current smoking was 0.18 (0.14-0.22). These attributable proportions are less than those observed amongmen, although they are likely to increase in the future as the smoking-related disease epidemic among women matures.

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Documento generato il 28/03/20 alle ore 09:51:36