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Titolo:
Impaired emotional facial expression recognition in alcoholism compared with obsessive-compulsive disorder and normal controls
Autore:
Kornreich, C; Blairy, S; Philippot, P; Dan, B; Foisy, ML; Hess, U; Le Bon, O; Pelc, I; Verbanck, P;
Indirizzi:
Free Univ Brussels, Brugmann Hosp, Brussels, Belgium Free Univ Brussels Brussels Belgium s, Brugmann Hosp, Brussels, Belgium Univ Louvain, Louvain, Belgium Univ Louvain Louvain BelgiumUniv Louvain, Louvain, Belgium Univ Quebec, Montreal, PQ H3C 3P8, Canada Univ Quebec Montreal PQ Canada H3C 3P8 ebec, Montreal, PQ H3C 3P8, Canada
Titolo Testata:
PSYCHIATRY RESEARCH
fascicolo: 3, volume: 102, anno: 2001,
pagine: 235 - 248
SICI:
0165-1781(20010724)102:3<235:IEFERI>2.0.ZU;2-P
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
ANXIETY DISORDERS; FACE RECOGNITION; DRINKING SCALE; PERCEPTION; DEPENDENCE; PERSONALITY; INSTRUMENT; BEHAVIOR; VALIDITY; IDENTITY;
Keywords:
emotion; facial expression; alcoholism; obsessive-compulsive disorder;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
50
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Kornreich, C CHU Brugmann, Inst Psychiat, Pl Van Gehuchten 4, B-1020 Brussels, Belgium CHU Brugmann Pl Van Gehuchten 4 Brussels Belgium B-1020 gium
Citazione:
C. Kornreich et al., "Impaired emotional facial expression recognition in alcoholism compared with obsessive-compulsive disorder and normal controls", PSYCHIAT R, 102(3), 2001, pp. 235-248

Abstract

Emotional facial expression (EFE) decoding skills have been shown to be impaired in recovering alcoholics (RA). The aim of the present study is to replicate these results and to explore whether these abnormalities are specific to alcoholism using two control groups: non-patient controls (NC) and patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OC). Twenty-two alcoholic patients at the end of their detoxification process (RA) were compared to 22 OC and 22 NC matched for age, sex and education level. They were presented with12 photographs of facial expressions portraying different emotions: happiness; anger; and fear. Each emotion was displayed with mild (30%) and moderate (70%) intensity levels. Each EFE was judged on 8 scales labeled happiness, sadness, fear, anger, disgust, surprise, shame and contempt. For each scale, subjects rated the estimated intensity level. RA were less accurate inEFE decoding than OC and NC, particularly for anger and happiness expressions. RA overestimated the emotional intensity for mild intensity level expressions compared with both OC and NC while no significant differences emerged for moderate intensity level expressions. Deficits in EFE decoding skills seem to be specific to RA when compared with OC. Comparison with other psychopathological groups is still needed. Possible consequences of EFE decoding deficits in RA include distorted interpersonal relationships. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 25/01/20 alle ore 16:10:33