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Titolo:
Post-Daubert admissibility of scientific evidence on malingering of cognitive deficits
Autore:
Vallabhajosula, B; van Gorp, WG;
Indirizzi:
Cornell Univ, Joan & Sanford I Weill Med Coll, Dept Psychiat, New York, NY10021 USA Cornell Univ New York NY USA 10021 , Dept Psychiat, New York, NY10021 USA
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF PSYCHIATRY AND THE LAW
fascicolo: 2, volume: 29, anno: 2001,
pagine: 207 - 215
SICI:
1093-6793(2001)29:2<207:PAOSEO>2.0.ZU;2-7
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
SIMULATED MEMORY IMPAIRMENT; HEAD-INJURY; VALIDATION; AMNESIA; SCIENCE; FAKING; TOMM;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
36
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Vallabhajosula, B Cornell Univ, Joan & Sanford I Weill Med Coll, Dept Psychiat, 525 E 68th St,Box 147, New York, NY 10021 USA Cornell Univ 525 E 68thSt,Box 147 New York NY USA 10021
Citazione:
B. Vallabhajosula e W.G. van Gorp, "Post-Daubert admissibility of scientific evidence on malingering of cognitive deficits", J AM A PSYC, 29(2), 2001, pp. 207-215

Abstract

In Daubert v. Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (1993) the Supreme Court held that evidence must be "reliable" to be admissible and for scientific evidence "evidentiary reliability" is based on scientific validity. This article addresses the question "Do the Rey 15-Item Test ('FIT'), the Test of Memory Malingering ('TOMM'), and the Validity Indicator Profile ('VIP') likely meet the Daubert standard for admissibility of scientific evidence? " Sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values (PPV and NPV,respectively), and base rates of 30 and 15 percent were calculated for each test. Given the existing literature on malingering and the implications of a misclassification of malingering, we discuss the findings for each of the three tests using a PPV greater than or equal to 80 percent with a base rate of malingering of less than or equal to 30. Our analyses indicate thatthe Rey 15-FIT fails to meet this standard of scientific validity. In contrast. the TOMM shows high specificity and PPV, and our findings suggest cautious optimism regarding the VIP. These results are discussed within the context of the courts' guidelines for the Daubert standard.

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Documento generato il 02/04/20 alle ore 12:54:14