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Titolo:
Thought disorder in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder
Autore:
Caplan, R; Guthrie, D; Tang, B; Nuechterlein, KH; Asarnow, RF;
Indirizzi:
Univ Calif Los Angeles, Inst Neuropsychiat, Dept Psychiat & Behav Sci, LosAngeles, CA 90024 USA Univ Calif Los Angeles Los Angeles CA USA 90024 LosAngeles, CA 90024 USA
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF CHILD AND ADOLESCENT PSYCHIATRY
fascicolo: 8, volume: 40, anno: 2001,
pagine: 965 - 972
SICI:
0890-8567(200108)40:8<965:TDIAHD>2.0.ZU;2-L
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
CHILDHOOD-ONSET SCHIZOPHRENIA; CONTINUOUS PERFORMANCE TASK; SUSTAINED ATTENTION; WORKING-MEMORY; TEMPORAL-LOBE; CHILDREN; ADHD; MRI; LANGUAGE; ABNORMALITIES;
Keywords:
attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder; schizophrenia; thought disorder; development; cognition;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
52
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Caplan, R Univ Calif Los Angeles, Inst Neuropsychiat, Dept Psychiat & Behav Sci, 760Westwood Plaza, Los Angeles, CA 90024 USA Univ Calif Los Angeles 760 Westwood Plaza Los Angeles CA USA 90024
Citazione:
R. Caplan et al., "Thought disorder in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder", J AM A CHIL, 40(8), 2001, pp. 965-972

Abstract

Objective: This study compared thought disorder and associated cognitive variables in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and schizophrenia. Method: Speech samples of 115 ADHD, 88 schizophrenic, and 190 normal children, aged 8 to 15 years, were coded for thought disorder. A structured psychiatric interview, the WISC-R, the Continuous Performance Test, and the Span of Apprehension task were administered to each child. Results: The ADHD and schizophrenic groups had thought disorder compared with the normal children. However, the subjects with ADHD had a narrower range of less severethought disorder than did the schizophrenic subjects. The younger childrenwith ADHD and schizophrenia had significantly more thought disorder than did the older children with these diagnoses. IQ, attention, and working memory were associated with thought disorder in the ADHD but not the schizophrenic group. Conclusions: Thought disorder in childhood is not specific to schizophrenia and reflects impaired development of children's communication skills.

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Documento generato il 21/10/20 alle ore 11:12:05