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Titolo:
Effect of resistance training on women's strength/power and occupational performances
Autore:
Kraemer, WJ; Mazzetti, SA; Nindl, BC; Gotshalk, LA; Volek, JS; Bush, JA; Marx, JO; Dohi, K; Gomez, AL; Miles, M; Fleck, SJ; Newton, RU; Hakkinen, K;
Indirizzi:
Ball State Univ, Human Performance Lab, Muncie, IN 47306 USA Ball State Univ Muncie IN USA 47306 Performance Lab, Muncie, IN 47306 USA Penn State Univ, Ctr Sports Med, Lab Sports Med, University Pk, PA 16802 USA Penn State Univ University Pk PA USA 16802 d, University Pk, PA 16802 USA USA, Environm Med Res Inst, Div Mil Performance, Natick, MA 01760 USA USANatick MA USA 01760 s Inst, Div Mil Performance, Natick, MA 01760 USA Univ Jyvaskyla, Dept Biol Phys Activ, Neuromuscular Res Ctr, SF-40100 Jyvaskyla, Finland Univ Jyvaskyla Jyvaskyla Finland SF-40100 r, SF-40100 Jyvaskyla, Finland Colorado Coll, Dept Sport Sci, Colorado Springs, CO 80903 USA Colorado Coll Colorado Springs CO USA 80903 olorado Springs, CO 80903 USA
Titolo Testata:
MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE
fascicolo: 6, volume: 33, anno: 2001,
pagine: 1011 - 1025
SICI:
0195-9131(200106)33:6<1011:EORTOW>2.0.ZU;2-C
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
SKELETAL-MUSCLE ADAPTATIONS; MUSCULAR STRENGTH; MEN; CONSEQUENT; ENDURANCE; FEMALES;
Keywords:
women's health; fitness; gender differences; manual materials handling; military;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
39
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Kraemer, WJ Ball State Univ, Human Performance Lab, Muncie, IN 47306 USA Ball State Univ Muncie IN USA 47306 Lab, Muncie, IN 47306 USA
Citazione:
W.J. Kraemer et al., "Effect of resistance training on women's strength/power and occupational performances", MED SCI SPT, 33(6), 2001, pp. 1011-1025

Abstract

Purpose: The effects of resistance training programs on strength, power, and military occupational task performances in women were examined. Methods:Untrained women aged (mean +/- SD) 23 +/- 4 yr were marched and randomly placed in total- (TP, N = 17 and TH, N = 18) or upper-body resistance training (UP, N = 18 and UH, N = 15), field (FLD, N = 14), or aerobic training groups (AER, N = 11). Two periodized resistance training programs (with supplemental aerobic training) emphasized explosive exercise movements using 3- to 8-RM training loads (TP, UP), whereas the other two emphasized slower exercise movements using 8- to 12-RM loads (TH, UH). The no group performed plyometric and partner exercises. Subjects were tested for body composition,strength, power, endurance, maximal and repetitive box lift, 2-mile loadedrun, and U.S. Army Physical Fitness Tests before (T0) and after 3 (T3) and6 months of training (T6). For comparison, untrained men (N = 100) (MEN) were tested once. Results: Specific training programs resulted in significant increases in body mass (TP), 1-RM squat (TP, TH, FLD), bench press (all except AER), high pull (TP), squat jump (TP, TH, FLD), bench throw (all except AER), squat endurance (all except AER), 1-RM box lift (all except aerobic), repetitive box lift tall), push-ups (all except AER), sit-ups (all except AER), and 2-mile run (all). Conclusions: Strength training improved physical performances of women over 6 months and adaptations in strength, power, and endurance were specific to the subtle differences (e.g., exercise choice and speeds of exercise movement) in the resistance training programs (strength/power vs strength/hypertrophy). Upper- and total-body resistance training resulted in similar improvements in occupational task performances, especially in tasks that involved upper-body musculature. Finally, gender differences in physical performance measures were reduced after resistance training in women, which underscores importance of such training for physically demanding occupations.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 28/03/20 alle ore 10:28:24