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Titolo:
The effects of contextualization on fluency in three groups of children
Autore:
Trautman, LS; Healey, EC; Norris, JA;
Indirizzi:
Wichita State Univ, Dept Communicat Disorders & Sci, Wichita, KS 67260 USAWichita State Univ Wichita KS USA 67260 ders & Sci, Wichita, KS 67260 USA Univ Nebraska, Dept Special Educ & Commun Disorders, Lincoln, NE USA Univ Nebraska Lincoln NE USA al Educ & Commun Disorders, Lincoln, NE USA Louisiana State Univ, Dept Commun, Baton Rouge, LA 70803 USA Louisiana State Univ Baton Rouge LA USA 70803 , Baton Rouge, LA 70803 USA
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF SPEECH LANGUAGE AND HEARING RESEARCH
fascicolo: 3, volume: 44, anno: 2001,
pagine: 564 - 576
SICI:
1092-4388(200106)44:3<564:TEOCOF>2.0.ZU;2-T
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
LANGUAGE DISORDERS; STUTTERERS; UTTERANCES; COMPLEXITY; NONSTUTTERERS; CONVERSATIONS; GRAMMAR; LENGTH;
Keywords:
stuttering; children; language; contextualization; language impairment;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
48
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Trautman, LS Wichita State Univ, Dept Communicat Disorders & Sci, 1845 Fairmount,Box 75, Wichita, KS 67260 USA Wichita State Univ 1845 Fairmount,Box 75 Wichita KS USA 67260
Citazione:
L.S. Trautman et al., "The effects of contextualization on fluency in three groups of children", J SPEECH L, 44(3), 2001, pp. 564-576

Abstract

This study investigated the effects of contextualization on fluency in 12 school-age children who stutter (CWS), 11 children with language impairment(CU), and 12 children with normally developing fluency skills (CNF). Participants in the study were between the ages of 8 and 12 years and were matched for age and sex. Four discourse samples were elicited by asking participants to (a) generate two scripts related to cooking and (b) retell two stories. Having objects or pictures immediately available contextualized a cooking task and a retelling task; another set of cooking and retelling tasks were decontextualized. Moments of disfluency were identified and coded for three primary categories of disfluency: stuttering type, normal-type, and mazing. For CWS, a significant reduction in frequency of stuttering was notedin the contextualized script generation, and mazing occurred at a significantly higher frequency than did stuttering-type or normal-type disfluenciesacross the four tasks. For all three groups, both decontextualized conditions produced greater frequencies of normal-type disfluency and mazing. In addition, narrative retelling tasks yielded higher frequencies of disfluencythan did the two cooking scripts.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 20/01/20 alle ore 22:11:41