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Titolo:
Relationships between body weight change and cardiovascular disease risk factors in male former athletes
Autore:
Pihl, E; Jurimae, T;
Indirizzi:
Univ Tartu, Inst Sport Pedag, EE-50090 Tartu, Estonia Univ Tartu Tartu Estonia EE-50090 t Sport Pedag, EE-50090 Tartu, Estonia
Titolo Testata:
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF OBESITY
fascicolo: 7, volume: 25, anno: 2001,
pagine: 1057 - 1062
SICI:
0307-0565(200107)25:7<1057:RBBWCA>2.0.ZU;2-R
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
BLOOD-PRESSURE; SERUM-LIPIDS; MEN; AGE; MORTALITY; OBESITY; FAT; EXERCISE; FITNESS; RUNNERS;
Keywords:
weight gain; CHD risk factors; physical activity; former athletes;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
36
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Pihl, E Univ Tartu, Inst Sport Pedag, 18 Ulikooli St, EE-50090 Tartu, Estonia Univ Tartu 18 Ulikooli St Tartu Estonia EE-50090 0 Tartu, Estonia
Citazione:
E. Pihl e T. Jurimae, "Relationships between body weight change and cardiovascular disease risk factors in male former athletes", INT J OBES, 25(7), 2001, pp. 1057-1062

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the cardiovascular disease risk factor profile in former athletes according to their weight-change patterns during the postcompetitive period. DESIGN: Cohort study with a retrospective assessment of baseline weight ofmale former top-level athletes. SUBJECTS: One-hundred and fifty top-level athletes aged 35-60 y were divided into four groups according to the weight-change patterns during the postcompetitive period (weight loss, constant weight, weight gain over 3.0 kg and weight gain over 10.0 kg). MEASUREMENTS: Anthropometric measurements (height, weight, BMI, percentagefat, skinfolds, waist-to-hip-ratio (WHR), resting systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP, DBP), serum lipids and lipoproteins (CHOL, HDL-C, LDL-C, TG), and physical working capacity. A questionnaire was drawn up to evaluate current and previous physical activity, lifestyle indices and to recordweight at the age of 20 (according to sports diaries). RESULTS: Weight gain over 10.0 kg in former athletes was closely associated with higher body mass index, percentage body fat, skinfold thickness, WHR, SEP, DBP, LDL-C and TG values, as well as lower HDL-C, HDL-C/CHOL ratio and physical working capacity values. After adjustment for confounders, the weight gainers over 10.0 kg revealed a higher risk of hypertension (OR 6.65; 95% CI 2.99-11.65), abdominal fat distribution pattern (OR 10.51; 95% CI 6.11-16.24), elevated LDL-C (OR 1.88; 95% CI 1.15-3.06) and hypertriglyceridemia (OR 3.52; 95% CI 1.12-8.56) compared with those whose weight was constant. Weight loss and weight gain less than 10.0 kg were significantly related to increased risk for abdominal fat distribution pattern. CONCLUSION: The results of the present study showed that weight gain during the postcompetitive period was associated with a higher prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors in male former athletes.

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Documento generato il 19/01/20 alle ore 09:24:58