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Titolo:
Vegetation succession and carbon sequestration in a coastal wetland in northwest Florida: Evidence from carbon isotopes
Autore:
Choi, Y; Wang, Y; Hsieh, YP; Robinson, L;
Indirizzi:
Natl High Magnet Field Lab, Div Isotope Geochem, Tallahassee, FL 32306 USANatl High Magnet Field Lab Tallahassee FL USA 32306 ahassee, FL 32306 USA Florida A&M Univ, Wetland Res Program, Tallahassee, FL 32307 USA Florida A&M Univ Tallahassee FL USA 32307 gram, Tallahassee, FL 32307 USA Florida A&M Univ, Inst Environm Sci, Tallahassee, FL 32307 USA Florida A&MUniv Tallahassee FL USA 32307 Sci, Tallahassee, FL 32307 USA Florida State Univ, Dept Geol Sci, Tallahassee, FL 32306 USA Florida StateUniv Tallahassee FL USA 32306 ci, Tallahassee, FL 32306 USA
Titolo Testata:
GLOBAL BIOGEOCHEMICAL CYCLES
fascicolo: 2, volume: 15, anno: 2001,
pagine: 311 - 319
SICI:
0886-6236(200106)15:2<311:VSACSI>2.0.ZU;2-U
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
SOIL ORGANIC-MATTER; SEA-LEVEL RISE; ATMOSPHERIC CO2; ICE CORE; INDICATORS; RATIOS; LOUISIANA; MARSHES; PLANTS; C-13;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Citazioni:
58
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Choi, Y Natl High Magnet Field Lab, Div Isotope Geochem, 1800 E Paul DiracDr, Tallahassee, FL 32306 USA Natl High Magnet Field Lab 1800 E Paul DiracDr Tallahassee FL USA 32306
Citazione:
Y. Choi et al., "Vegetation succession and carbon sequestration in a coastal wetland in northwest Florida: Evidence from carbon isotopes", GLOBAL BIOG, 15(2), 2001, pp. 311-319

Abstract

Measurements of stable carbon isotopic ratios as well as carbon (C), nitrogen (N), and phosphorus (P) contents in soils and plants were made along a chronovegetation sequence stretching from high marsh to low marsh in a coastal wetland in northwest Florida. The wetland is dominated by Juncus roemerianus, which is a C3 plant and has an average delta C-13 of -27 parts per thousand. Lesser amounts of other species, including C4 plants, are also present in the area. The delta C-13 values of soil organic matter from low andmiddle marshes range from -24 to -27 parts per thousand, which are consistent with the current plant community. However, the delta C-13 values of soil organic matter from high marsh show significant variations, from -23 parts per thousand in the surface soil to -17 parts per thousand at depth. Thislarge C isotopic variation within soil profiles indicates a shift in localvegetation, from a C4-dominated community to the current C3 plant-dominated marsh, as a result of landward expansion of the wetland due to sea level rise. Radiocarbon dates on soil organic matter indicate that this ecological change occurred in the past hundred years or so as a result of sea level rise presumably due to global warming. Soil organic carbon inventory was similar to 29 +/- 3.6 kg m(-2) in low marsh (the oldest part of the wetland),15 +/- 3.6 kg m(-2) in middle marsh, and 13 +/- 6.0 kg m(-2) in high marsh(the youngest and most inland part of the wetland). N and P inventories are also higher in low marsh than in high marsh and seem to correlate directly with aboveground productivity in the marshes. The much higher C storage in low marsh than in high marsh indicates that carbon sequestration increased significantly as coastal wetland evolves from high marsh (initial stage) to low marsh (steady state). This has important implications to the global C cycle. As sea level rises owing to global warming, coastal wetlands are expected to expand landward in many areas where topography is gentle, which would provide a significant sink for atmospheric carbon dioxide.

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Documento generato il 27/09/20 alle ore 05:04:23