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Titolo:
Differences in severity of heroin dependence by route of administration: the importance of length of heroin use
Autore:
Barrio, G; De La Fuente, L; Lew, C; Royuela, L; Bravo, MJ; Torrens, M;
Indirizzi:
Inst Salud Carlos III, Ctr Nacl Epidemiol, Barcelona 28029, Spain Inst Salud Carlos III Barcelona Spain 28029 miol, Barcelona 28029, Spain Ctr Univ Salud Publ, Plan Nacl Sobre Sida, Madrid 28006, Spain Ctr Univ Salud Publ Madrid Spain 28006 l Sobre Sida, Madrid 28006, Spain IMIM, Hosp Mar, Barcelona, Spain IMIM Barcelona SpainIMIM, Hosp Mar, Barcelona, Spain
Titolo Testata:
DRUG AND ALCOHOL DEPENDENCE
fascicolo: 2, volume: 63, anno: 2001,
pagine: 169 - 177
SICI:
0376-8716(20010701)63:2<169:DISOHD>2.0.ZU;2-L
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
OPIATE DEPENDENCE; COCAINE USE; SAMPLE; SODQ; SMOKING; DRAGON; SPAIN; CRACK;
Keywords:
heroin; dependence; administration route; SDS scale;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
28
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: De La Fuente, L Inst Salud Carlos III, Ctr Nacl Epidemiol, Calle Sinesio Delgadp 6, Barcelona 28029, Spain Inst Salud Carlos III Calle Sinesio Delgadp 6 Barcelona Spain 28029
Citazione:
G. Barrio et al., "Differences in severity of heroin dependence by route of administration: the importance of length of heroin use", DRUG AL DEP, 63(2), 2001, pp. 169-177

Abstract

To explore differences in the severity of heroin dependence by route of administration, we interviewed 909 heroin users in three Spanish cities. Dependence was measured with the severity dependence scale (SDS). No major differences in the severity of heroin dependence were detected among users with5 or more years of heroin use (long-term users), but differences were found among newer users (SDS mean scores, 7.3 in heroin injectors; 7.9 in smokers and 4.6 in sniffers; P = 0.006), especially those with fewer than 3 years of use. Similar differences by route of administration were found when frequency of heroin use (days/month) was considered rather than severity of dependence. However, in the latter case major differences were also found among long-term users. These findings suggest that the route of administration probably influences the rate of progression to dependence but has little influence on the long-run level of dependence. They also help explain some aspects of the transition between routes of heroin administration, which isoccurring in different areas. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 03/06/20 alle ore 08:50:58