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Titolo:
Living with support in a home in the community: Predictors of behavioral development and household and community activity
Autore:
Felce, D; Emerson, E;
Indirizzi:
Univ Wales, Coll Med, Welsch Ctr Learing Disabil, Cardiff CF14 3BG, S Glam, Wales Univ Wales Cardiff S Glam Wales CF14 3BG Cardiff CF14 3BG, S Glam, Wales Univ Lancaster, Inst Hlth Res, Lancaster, England Univ Lancaster Lancaster England ter, Inst Hlth Res, Lancaster, England
Titolo Testata:
MENTAL RETARDATION AND DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES RESEARCH REVIEWS
fascicolo: 2, volume: 7, anno: 2001,
pagine: 75 - 83
SICI:
1080-4013(2001)7:2<75:LWSIAH>2.0.ZU;2-C
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
SEVERE INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY; MENTALLY-RETARDED ADULTS; HANDICAPPED ADULTS; RESIDENTIAL ALTERNATIVES; ARCHITECTURAL FEATURES; MULTIPLE DISABILITIES; ADAPTIVE-BEHAVIOR; ACTIVITY PATTERNS; LIFE-STYLE; PEOPLE;
Keywords:
mental retardation; residential services; behavioral development; engagement in activity; community integration;
Tipo documento:
Review
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
82
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Felce, D Univ Wales, Coll Med, Welsch Ctr Learing Disabil, Meridian Court,North Rd,Cardiff CF14 3BG, S Glam, Wales Univ Wales Meridian Court,North RdCardiff S Glam Wales CF14 3BG
Citazione:
D. Felce e E. Emerson, "Living with support in a home in the community: Predictors of behavioral development and household and community activity", MENT RET D, 7(2), 2001, pp. 75-83

Abstract

The purpose of this article was to review studies of behavioral development and household and community activity among adults with mental retardationliving in community residential services and to distill knowledge about the factors that influence outcome. Research points to behavioral developmentoccurring across the full spectrum of disability but influenced by mental retardation syndrome and the acquisition of pivotal skills. However, engagement in household and community activities has been found to be strongly related to individual adaptive behavior. People with more severe mental retardation are vulnerable to leading lives characterized by underoccupation andlack of community involvement. Moving from institutional to community-based residential services may be accompanied by significant increases in adaptive behavior, but a plateau effect on subsequent development has also been reported. There is substantial evidence to suggest that key aspects of effective teaching technology may be absent in community-based residential environments. Community settings support greater engagement in household and community activities than institutions. Ordinary housing stock and normative architecture and standards of material enrichment are to be preferred. The use of normative housing constrains group living to relatively small scale,but there is little evidence that smaller size within this range is to be preferred to larger size. There is little evidence to suggest that higher staff-to-resident ratios lead to uniformly better outcomes, but staff orientation, working methods, and performance are important influences. Little isknown about what precise characteristics of community location give rise to greater community integration. (C) 2001 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 05/12/20 alle ore 14:11:55