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Titolo:
Hypertension and appraisal of physical and psychological stressors
Autore:
Nyklicek, I; Vingerhoets, AJJM; Van Heck, GL;
Indirizzi:
Tilburg Univ, Dept Clin Hlth Psychol, NL-5000 LE Tilburg, Netherlands Tilburg Univ Tilburg Netherlands NL-5000 LE 5000 LE Tilburg, Netherlands Res Inst Psychol & Hlth, NL-3508 TC Utrecht, Netherlands Res Inst Psychol & Hlth Utrecht Netherlands NL-3508 TC echt, Netherlands
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF PSYCHOSOMATIC RESEARCH
fascicolo: 5, volume: 50, anno: 2001,
pagine: 237 - 244
SICI:
0022-3999(200105)50:5<237:HAAOPA>2.0.ZU;2-K
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
BLOOD-PRESSURE; PAIN SENSITIVITY; CARDIOVASCULAR REACTIVITY; BARORECEPTOR STIMULATION; GENDER; HUMANS; NORMOTENSIVES; PERSONALITY; ACTIVATION; PERCEPTION;
Keywords:
appraisal; hypertension; pain sensitivity; physical stressor; psychological stressor;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
33
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Nyklicek, I Tilburg Univ, Dept Clin Hlth Psychol, POB 90153, NL-5000 LE Tilburg, Netherlands Tilburg Univ POB 90153 Tilburg Netherlands NL-5000 LE erlands
Citazione:
I. Nyklicek et al., "Hypertension and appraisal of physical and psychological stressors", J PSYCHOSOM, 50(5), 2001, pp. 237-244

Abstract

Objective: In the operant conditioning of hypertension hypothesis, it is assumed that the frequently found diminished sensitivity to painful stimuli in hypertensives can be generalized to sensitivity to other stressors, including psychological stressors. The validity of this assumption is examined in the present study. Methods: Unmedicated hypertensives (42) and normotensive controls (21) of both sexes were exposed to a physical stressor (electric current) and psychological active coping (mental arithmetic, free speech) and passive coping (unpleasant films) tasks, while indices of prestressoranxiety and task appraisal were measured. Results: Hypertensive women, butnot men, showed diminished pain sensitivity, together with lower prestressor anxiety and a tendency to lower negative appraisal of the tasks, compared to their normotensive counterparts. In addition, positive correlations were obtained between pain sensitivity and negative appraisal of psychological stressors involving interpersonal threat (speech) and passive coping (films). Conclusion: Preliminary support has been obtained for extrapolation ofdiminished pain appraisal to appraisal of some psychological stressors (although for a part only in women); an important assumption in the operant conditioning hypothesis of hypertension. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science Inc. All rights reserved.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 28/09/20 alle ore 10:51:56