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Titolo:
Psychological factors in development and treatment of obesity
Autore:
Kielmann, R; Herpertz, S;
Indirizzi:
Univ Klin Essen, Klin Psychotherapie & Psychosomat, Rhein Kliniken Essen, D-451147 Essen, Germany Univ Klin Essen Essen Germany D-451147 en Essen, D-451147 Essen, Germany
Titolo Testata:
HERZ
fascicolo: 3, volume: 26, anno: 2001,
pagine: 185 - 193
SICI:
0340-9937(200105)26:3<185:PFIDAT>2.0.ZU;2-7
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
GER
Soggetto:
RESTING METABOLIC-RATE; BINGE-EATING DISORDER; WEIGHT-LOSS; ENERGY-EXPENDITURE; BODY-WEIGHT; COMORBIDITY; BEHAVIOR; HEALTH; WOMEN; CONSEQUENCES;
Keywords:
obesity; psychogenesis; quality of life; eating disorder; weight cycling;
Tipo documento:
Review
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
75
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Herpertz, S Univ Klin Essen, Klin Psychotherapie & Psychosomat, Rhein Kliniken Essen, Virchowstr 174, D-451147 Essen, Germany Univ Klin Essen Virchowstr 174 Essen Germany D-451147 Germany
Citazione:
R. Kielmann e S. Herpertz, "Psychological factors in development and treatment of obesity", HERZ, 26(3), 2001, pp. 185-193

Abstract

Background: The prevalence of obesity has distinctly increased in almost all industrial countries in the past decades and is considered today to be one of the most important health problems. In Germany, between it and 18% ofthe adult population is obese. Besides the known risk factors such as arterial hypertension, lipometabolism disorders and type-2 diabetes mellitus, obesity is connected to severe psychosocial burdens. The genesis of obesity is multifactorial, besides genetic factors environ mental ones such as an increase in hypercaloric food and at the same time a reduction of physical activity play a decisive role. Psychogenesis: Whereas earlier mainly psychic factors were discussed in the genesis of obesity, and here especially the question as to which personality variables are most frequently associated with obesity, the discussion in the past decades has increasingly shifted towards psychosocial consequences. It does, however, seem justified to adhere to a "psychogenesis" of obesity in a subgroup of obese people. Psychosomatic/psychiatric disorders leadto a change in eating behavior and physical exercise, the result being a sustained positive energy balance with overweight and obesity. Psychosocial Problems and Treatment Concepts: This paper describes the psychosocial problems of obese people with an emphasis on the question of psychiatric co-morbidity in general and eating disorders in particular. The results of mainly behaviorial therapeutically oriented treatment concepts are presented and school-overlapping concepts discussed.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 30/03/20 alle ore 00:51:23