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Titolo:
Rostral ventrolateral medullary opioid receptor subtypes in the inhibitoryeffect of electroacupuncture on reflex autonomic response in cats
Autore:
Li, P; Tjen-A-Looi, S; Longhurst, JC;
Indirizzi:
Univ Calif Irvine, Coll Med, Dept Med, Irvine, CA 92697 USA Univ Calif Irvine Irvine CA USA 92697 Med, Dept Med, Irvine, CA 92697 USA
Titolo Testata:
AUTONOMIC NEUROSCIENCE-BASIC & CLINICAL
fascicolo: 1-2, volume: 89, anno: 2001,
pagine: 38 - 47
SICI:
1566-0702(20010620)89:1-2<38:RVMORS>2.0.ZU;2-7
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
NUCLEUS PARAGIGANTOCELLULARIS LATERALIS; CARDIOVASCULAR-RESPONSES; BRAIN-STEM; DIFFERENTIAL CONTROL; PERIAQUEDUCTAL GRAY; HYPERTENSIVE RATS; OPIATE AGONISTS; BLOOD-PRESSURE; NEURONS; PROJECTIONS;
Keywords:
visceral reflex; gallbladder; cats; pressor response;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
44
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Longhurst, JC Univ Calif Irvine, Coll Med, Dept Med, Irvine, CA 92697 USA Univ Calif Irvine Irvine CA USA 92697 Irvine, CA 92697 USA
Citazione:
P. Li et al., "Rostral ventrolateral medullary opioid receptor subtypes in the inhibitoryeffect of electroacupuncture on reflex autonomic response in cats", AUTON NEURO, 89(1-2), 2001, pp. 38-47

Abstract

Electroacupuncture (EA) is used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat arrhythmias, hypertension and myocardial ischemia. Our previous work suggests that the inhibitory effect of EA on the presser reflex induced by bradykinin (BK) applied to the gallbladder is due, in part, to the activation of opioid receptors, most likely located in the rostral ventrolateral medulla (rVLM). However, specific opioid receptor subtypes, and hence the neurotransmitters, responsible for this inhibition are unknown. Therefore, in anesthetized cats, BK (10 mug/ml) was applied to the gallbladder to induce transient reflex increases in arterial blood pressure (BP). EA (1-2 mA, 5 Hz, 0.5 ms pulses) was delivered through acupuncture needles inserted bilaterally into Neiguan and Jianski acupoints on forelimbs, overlying the median nerves. EA attenuated the BK-induced presser response by 39%. Opioid receptor subtype antagonists or agonists were microinjected unilaterally into the rVLM. The mu- and delta -receptor antagonists CTOP and ICI 174,864, respectively, significantly attenuated the EA-induced inhibition for at least 30 min. The kappa -receptor antagonist (nor-BNI) was less effective and was shorter acting. Like EA, microinjection of mu- and delta -opioid agonists, DAGO andDADLE, respectively, into the rVLM significantly decreased the presser responses. In contrast, the kappa -opioid agonist, U50,488, failed to alter the BK-induced presser response. We conclude that a significant portion of inhibition of the gallbladder presser response: by EA is related to activation of mu- and delta -opioid receptors in the rVLM. The endogenous neurotransmitters for mu- and delta -opioid receptors, beta -endorphins and enkephalins, in the rVLM, therefore appear to play a role in the EA-related modulation of cardiovascular rifler responses. Conversely, dynorphin is less likelyto be involved in this response. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rightsreserved.

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Documento generato il 09/04/20 alle ore 10:27:26